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Developments along the shores of Lake Elementaita, Kenya


Lake Elementaita is listed as one of the Kenya Lakes System World Heritage Sites jointly with Lake Nakuru and Bogoria. It is also a Ramsar site, an IBA and is also protected as Widlife Sanctuary, hence the need to preserve the sites ecological intergrity.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Developments along the shores of Lake Elementaita, Kenya
State or province:Rift Valley
Location of conflict:Nakuru
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific commodities:Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:1,800
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:40,000-60,000
Company names or state enterprises:Hot Springs Hotels from Kenya
The Sentrim Hotels from Kenya
Relevant government actors:Kenya Wildlife Service, National Environment Management Authority, National Museums of Kenya
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Nature Kenya; Bird Committee of Nature Kenya; Community Action for Nature Conservation; Friends of Lake Elementaita;Institute of Environment and Water Management; Wildlife Clubs of Kenya; Kenya Wetlands Forum
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Recreational users
government institutions
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Site visits and research
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:Delineating the boundaries of the Lake informed by data o lowest and highest levels of the Lake waters.
Enforcement of Environmental Management and Coordination Act in terms of putting emphasis on review of EIAs for such development projects before approval.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Stakeholders are still holding discussions on action towards protecting the status of the lake, through controlling developments on the shores. NEMA is taking the lead since they are in charge of controlling development through reviewing EIAs. On the other hand Nature Kenya is keen to see that all stakeholders are involved and in following up/tracking action.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Environmental Management and Coordination Act; Water Act; Wildlife Conservation and Management Act; The Constitution of Kenya

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Minutes of the National Liaison Committee on IBAs meeting held on 25th July 2013.

Minutes of the Bird Committee meeting held on 2nd July 2013.

Minutes of the National Liaison Committee on IBAs meeting held on 14th November 2013.

Meta information
Contributor:Serah Munguti
Last update24/06/2014
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