The President of Pakistan during his national address on 17th January 2006 announced the decision to construct 5 multi-purpose water storages in the country over the next 10 -12 years. The Diamer Basha Dam Project, on the river Indus and closed to the Tarbela dam, will be one of these and will be undertaken in the first phase. It was announced as the worlds highest Roller Compacted Concrete Dam. The projects foundation stone was laid in 2011 with construction planned to be completed in 2016. The project is estimated to cost over US$8.5 billion with a reservoir covering 20,000 ha that will flood 100 kilometers of the Karakoram highway, and the villages and farms of over 35,000 people (1). It would provide 4500 MW of electricity to the national grid.