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Dimna reservoir, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India


Jamshedpur town is located in East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand state. The city is the largest and the most populous agglomeration in the state and a major industrial zone in Eastern India. Jamshedpur is the first planned industrial city of India and it was founded by Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. It is even known as Steel City, TataNagar or simply Tata.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Dimna reservoir, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
State or province:Jharkhand
Location of conflict:Town-Jamshedpur (Tatanagar) DIstrict - East Singhbhum
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Dimna Lake was constructed and owned by TATA Steel. It covers about 5.5 square kilometers. Around 1,861 acres were acquired under the Land Acquisition Act of 1894 for the dam [2] The Lake is the only source of drinking water for Jamshedpur town. During the monsoon, the reservoir gets filled up in the rain water. In another time if the water fall below a certain level the water is pumped from Subarnarekha Dam in Chandil [3].

Project area:753
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,000-20,000 (2,000 families)
Start of the conflict:1942
Company names or state enterprises:Tata Steel from India
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Subarnarekha Multipurpose Project
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Jharkhand Mukti Vahini, Local Villagers
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Jal Satyagraha, standing in water for 'insistence on truth by water'
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Proposal and development of alternatives:The protesters had a number of meetings since the land was acquired by the Tata Steel officers. The protestors have raised their demands time to time. Their demands include suitable compensation for their land. Also protestors are asking for the boating and fishing rights for the decedents of the affected families on the lake. Although the authorities have promised help, but their demand has not been fulfilled with repeated requests [2]
People whose land is not submerged in the lake but located at the periphery of the dam has the right to protect their land. They have asked the authorities for the compensation and if their demands are not met they have threatened that they will force the authorities to open the sluice gates when the water level goes beyond 520ft [3]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The land losers are seeking suitable compensation and other livelihood options for example fishing or boating right in the lake. For the submerged land, protestors are asking for the demarcation of the land and suitable compensation or else they will protest every time if the water raise above the limit (520 ft) [2, 3].
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

The Land Acquisition Act, 1894
[click to view]

[1] Welcome to the website of Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand
[click to view]

[2] Police brakes on Dimna stir - Displaced held near Tata centre gate
[click to view]

[2] Police brakes on Dimna stir - Displaced held near Tata centre gate
[click to view]

[3] Dimna Lake land measured - Demand to open sluice gates when water crosses 520ft
[click to view]

Welcome to the website of Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Dimna Dam Jal Satyaghara , झारखण्ड मुक्ति वाहिनी (tata, jamshedpur)
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1308
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