En Français ci-dessous - The Niayes (Thiès region), a narrow band 25km wide stretching for 180km between Dakar and Saint-Louis along the Atlantic coast, was traditionally dedicated to vegetables gardening and fruit growing. Yet today, Thiès is considered the largest mining area in the country, whose activity is concentrated in the Niayes. The Project Grande Côte (GCO) exploits mineralized sand (zircon, elmenite, rutile and leucoxene) and even though it is mostly located on the coast, lands previously dedicated to agriculture have also been annexed. The farmers and the populations directly affected by this annexation were not consulted beforehand. A departmental commission was in charge of determining the amounts of compensation that would be received by the concerned farmers. On July 1st 2013, when villagers opposed the visit of this commision on their lands, twenty-one (21) of them were arrested by the police and they were judged by the court of Thiès. The verdict, on July 19th 2013, sentenced three of them to three months in prison: Ibra Fall, Gora Wade and Djibril Bèye, who are vegetable producers from the village of Diogo "for the offenses of illegal assembly and plunder of machinery belonging to the factory MDL "(Mineral Deposit Limited, one of GCO's shareholders). Thirteen (13) other farmers were condemned to a three months suspended prison sentence. GCO has compensated the farmers with amounts up to five times higher than those imposed by Senegalese law (i.e. 3,750,000 CFA francs per hectare instead of 750,000 CFA francs). The compensation scales set by law date back to 1994 and they have never been updated. The amounts paid by GCO were defined by the departmental commission. And yet, the received compensation was considered insufficient by many villagers. According to the sub-prefect of Méouane, a total of 644 producers were impacted and compensated for a total sum of 802,136,734 CFA francs. Seven hamlets of Diogo and Foth were displaced in February 2017. Their new city is called Medinatoul Mounawara. However, access to arable land and water resources for the displaced people has been significantly reduced, threatening the long-term sustainability of the project. Project Grande Côte is just one of the many industrial projects that threaten the land and vegetables gardening of the Niayes. At least 80% of the vegetables produced in the Niayes come from the surroundings of Diogo. Niayes’ arable land has already been considerably reduced. Land grabbing goes in hand with water grabbing (and its pollution). Since the beginning of GCO, the lack of water is impacting the area. Vegetable production has slowed down since the beginning of GCO and underground water, previously available at 5 meters deep, today requires wells of 12 meters. Residents recall that many promises were not kept by GCO. In terms of youth employment, very little has been achieved. Even after the organization of a six months training for local youth, a derisory number of them were employed by the company. GCO also did not keep the promise of granting one job per dispossessed family. These families must find alternative sources of income, alternatives that are less sustainable and more fluctuating than farming (trading agricultural products, being cab drivers, etc.). The well for the village of Diogo has not been dug. Finally, in terms of health, the promised hospital at Darou Fall was not built but an ambulance in Diogo started operating by mid-May 2016, funded by GCO (information collected by the author in Darou Fall, October 2017). The associations of vegetable gardeners, with the support of NGOs, organize their advocacy work for the protection of the arable lands so that the remaining lands in the Niayes are protected. Enda Pronat has been working in the area since the media coverage of Diogo farmers’ uprising in 2013. Since then, the NGO has regularly organized workshops, notably in Thiès, Taiba Ndaye, Darou Khoudoss and Diogo, to sensitize the populations on their land rights so that they are better prepared in the case of future land grabbing projects.