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Jiaozishan landfill site and incineration plant near Doucun Village in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

Years after suffering from air and water pollution from a landfill site and incineration plant nearby, thousands of villagers publicly protested against such waste disposal and treatment facilities.


In 1992, the Jiaozishan landfill was established at the site which lies 1.5 km to the southwest of Doucun Village. The landfill locates at the hillside of Mount Qinglong, and the Dou village locates at the downhill of it. The emergence of Jiaozishan landfill has changed the environment and posed a threat to the residents. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Jiaozishan landfill site and incineration plant near Doucun Village in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
State or province:Jiangsu
Location of conflict:Jiannan community, Dongshan Subdistrict, Jiangning District, Nanjing
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Medical and construction waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The 420 mu landfill buried 2000 tons of wastes on a daily basis.

Project area:28
Level of Investment for the conflictive project2,500,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:2000
Start of the conflict:2003
End of the conflict:2016
Company names or state enterprises:Nanjing Jiaozishan organic waste treatment plant from China
Nanjing Huifeng Waste Disposal Company from China
Relevant government actors:-Jiannan community and upper-level governments
-Nanjing Environmental Monitoring Center Station
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Residents of Doucun village
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Wastepickers, recyclers
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Drink tea in a sit-in in front of the landfill gates
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths, Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Other Health impactsAlleged increase of cancer deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Displacement
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Violent targeting of activists
Arrests, wounded protesters
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The landfill site re-opened after its first closure; the incineration plant is still in operation and there is no sign to see an end so far. People are suffering from the environmental and health impacts. There is displacement or expulsion by pollution.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

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References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[2]南京市环境卫生专业规划(修编)(2011-2020 年)
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[9]Executive Summary - Waste Incineration & Public Health - NCBI Bookshelf
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[3]网上曝光台:垃圾污染 南京一村庄30多人死于癌症
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[4]轿子山垃圾场昨关闭 扩容改造后将重新开放
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[5]抗议垃圾填埋场复业 千警镇压200村民
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[6]2016.6.11 江苏南京
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[7]不满污染严重 南京村民抗议垃圾场重启
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[2016.6.11] 江苏省南京市江宁区东山街道建南社区窦村抗议垃圾焚烧场污染环境遭警察镇压(一)
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Villagers shouting the slogans
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Meta information
Contributor:Tianhong Xu,Department of Sociology, Hohai University
Last update13/12/2018
Conflict ID:3361
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