Jiaozishan landfill site and incineration plant near Doucun Village in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

Years after suffering from air and water pollution from a landfill site and incineration plant nearby, thousands of villagers publicly protested against such waste disposal and treatment facilities.


Description

In 1992, the Jiaozishan landfill was completely established at the site which lies 1.5 km to the southwest of Doucun Village. The landfill locates at the hillside of Mount Qinglong, and the Dou village locates at the downhill of it. The emergence of Jiaozishan landfill has changed the environment and posed a threat to the residents. 

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Basic Data
NameJiaozishan landfill site and incineration plant near Doucun Village in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
CountryChina
ProvinceJiangsu
SiteJiannan community, Dongshan Subdistrict, Jiangning District, Nanjing
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Incinerators
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific CommoditiesMedical and construction waste
Electricity
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe 420 mu landfill buried 2000 tons of wastes on a daily basis.
Project Area (in hectares)28
Level of Investment (in USD)2,500,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2000
Start Date2003
End Date2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesNanjing Jiaozishan organic waste treatment plant from China
Nanjing Huifeng Waste Disposal Company from China
Relevant government actors-Jiannan community and upper-level governments

-Nanjing Environmental Monitoring Center Station
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersVillagers
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Journalists
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Sabotage
Street protest/marches
Drink tea in a sit-in in from of the landfill gates
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths, Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
OtherAlleged increase of cancer deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Displacement
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Arrests, wounded protesters
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The landfill site re-opened after its first closure; The incineration plant is still in operation and there is no sign to see an end so far. People are suffering from the environmental and health impacts. There is displacement or expulsion by pollution.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

[1]南京市生活垃圾“十三五”无害化处理规划
[click to view]

References

[8]杨贵芳.南京东郊轿子山垃圾填埋场地下水污染特征及机理研究[D].北京:中国地质科学院,2013.

[2]南京市环境卫生专业规划(修编)(2011-2020 年)
[click to view]

[9]Executive Summary - Waste Incineration & Public Health - NCBI Bookshelf
[click to view]

Links

[5]抗议垃圾填埋场复业 千警镇压200村民
[click to view]

[6]2016.6.11 江苏南京
[click to view]

[3]网上曝光台:垃圾污染 南京一村庄30多人死于癌症
[click to view]

[7]不满污染严重 南京村民抗议垃圾场重启
[click to view]

[4]轿子山垃圾场昨关闭 扩容改造后将重新开放
[click to view]

Media Links

Villagers shouting the slogans
[click to view]

[2016.6.11] 江苏省南京市江宁区东山街道建南社区窦村抗议垃圾焚烧场污染环境遭警察镇压(一)
[click to view]

Other Documents

the protests
[click to view]

The full view of Dou village
[click to view]

The landfill and Dou village Dou village locates at the downhill of the landfill
[click to view]

protest slogans and banners refuse to bury, refuse to burn, refuse pollution, leave a blue sky in the Dou village, and benefit future generations
[click to view]

The public well in Dou village
[click to view]

the incineration plant
[click to view]

the mountain of garbage in landfill the garbages piled up like a mountain with about 30 meters high
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB
Last update18/03/2018
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