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Druzhba Adria Oil Pipeline, Croatia


The ‘Druzhba Adria’ project aims to connect the pipelines ‘Druzhba’ and ‘Adria’ in order to transport Russian oil to world markets. The plan includes the idea of pumping Russian oil from the Druzhba pipeline starting in Samara (Russia) southwards via Hungarian and Croatian pipelines, to the Omisalj port (Krk Island, on the Croatian Adriatic coast - point on the map). This project includes reversing Croatia’s transit oil pipeline Adria oil (Jadranski Naftovod - Janad), originally built as a one-direction link for transporting crude from the Adriatic coast to the north and east, in the opposite direction — to carry Russian oil for export.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Druzhba Adria Oil Pipeline, Croatia
State or province:Primorsko-goranska County
Location of conflict:Omišalj
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

3200 km long pipeline with maximal planned capacity of 15 million tonnes of crude oil.

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Project area:3200 km long
Level of Investment for the conflictive project70, 000,000 (The Croatian part of the pipeline network Janaf)
Type of populationUnknown
Affected Population:18,000
Start of the conflict:16/12/2002
End of the conflict:26/10/2005
Company names or state enterprises:JANAF d.d. – (JADRANSKI NAFTOVOD) from Croatia - Croatian company in charge of Croatian part of the pipeline
Yukos from Russian Federation - Russian oil company in charge of transporting the oil from Russia
Tyumen - Russian oil company in charge of transporting the oil from Russia
Relevant government actors:The Croatian Government, President and Prime Minister; The Russian Government, President
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Eko kvarner -; Green Istria; Franjevački svjetovni red; Zelena Akcija
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Negotiated alternative solution
Project cancelled
Project temporarily suspended
Proposal and development of alternatives:Eco-association “Eko Kvarner” believed three conditions are necessary for the approval of the project: thorough reconstruction of the oil pipeline through Gorski kotar (where it was laid down above strategic Croatia’s drinking water reserves), that no harbour in the east coast of the Adriatic Sea can become an export port for oil and that the existing tanker transport in the Adriatic Sea is to be gradually decreased by substituting it with land transport by oil pipelines.
The local people of Krk Island stated that their main activity is tourism and not oil business that would negatively impact the environment, while providing jobs to only a small number of people.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The project was stopped in 2005, after the refusal of the EIA. The stopping of the project is consider a big victory of civil society groups. However, there is still high political interest in this project. As Croatia has recently joined the European Union (July, 2013) this has made it an even more attractive object of Russian energy interests.
Sources & Materials

Igor Sechin Door-Crashing in Croatia
[click to view]

Družba Adria: Naftovod uvjet za plinovod
[click to view]

Links to various articles on the project (on Croatian)
[click to view]

Mesic and Putin on Druzhba Adria
[click to view]

Croatia gives fresh blow to Druzhba-Adria pipeline
[click to view]

INTERVJU Vjeran Piršić: Ne smijemo postati zemlja iz filmova o Jamesu Bondu
[click to view]

Six nations sign Druzhba-Adria project deal
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Marijan Lesica govori o projektu "Družba Adria"
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1316
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