Dugarajapatnam Port, Andhra Pradesh, India


Government of India in its recent initiative to upgrade its sea ports in-terms of cargo handling capacity has initiated measures to build two new ports. The first one will be in Andhra Pradesh and the second one will be in West Bengal. For this purpose government has set up an Empowered Committee of Secretaries to do the feasibility study and ensure smooth implementation. Both the ports will be developed and operated under the Public Private Partnership model. These two proposed projects are considered as Major Ports hence they will come under the direct jurisdiction of government of India. Engineering Consultancy Company RITES has completed the feasibility report for both the proposed ports [1].

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Basic Data
NameDugarajapatnam Port, Andhra Pradesh, India
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
SiteVillage -Durgarajapatnam; Mandalam- Vakadu
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Ports and airport projects
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project will be developed as SPV model wherein the Centre would pitch in with 74% and the balance 26% would be the contribution from the state government. The projects are likely to cost around Rs7,500 crore [7].

Project Area (in hectares)1,682
Level of Investment (in USD)890,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population40,000
Start Date2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesRITES Limited from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, Ministry of Shipping, National Green Tribunal, Telegu Desham Party , Communist Party of India , Bharatiya Janata Party
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRamayapatnam Port Sadhana Samiti (RPSS)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) raised concerns on the development of a new port at Dugarajapatnam because of its proximity to the satellite launch centre at Sriharikota [5]
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Members of the Ramayapatnam Port Sadhana Samiti (RPSS) would move the National Green Tribunal soon against the Centre’s proposal to locate the new port at Dugarajapatnam in the neighbouring Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore district, close to the Pulicat Lake, an avian paradise [4]
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesProtestors are in favour of the State government’s recommendation to locate the port at near by palce Ramayapatnam instead of Dugarajapatnam [4]
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The port, if located at Dugarajapatnam, would threaten the natural habitat of over three lakh migratory birds, including flamingos and grey pelicans. and affect the livelihood over 40,000 fishermen [4]
Sources and Materials

The Major Port Trusts Act, 1963
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[1] India initiates development of Dugarajapatnam and Sagar Island ports
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[2]Dugarajapatnam – The Future Smart City of India
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[3] India to set up two more major ports
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[4] Green tribunal to be moved against port at Dugarajapatnam
[click to view]

[5] Dugarajapatnam in Andhra Pradesh to have new major port
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[6] Dugarajapatnam Port to get 5,000 acres land to start with
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[7] Will Dugarajapatnam Port be taken up by the SPV Model?
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Media Links

India to set up 2 ports in Dugarajapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and Sagar in West Bengal
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Is it Ramayyapatnam or Duggarajupatnam in Andhra Pradesh for the Second Port? (in Telegu)
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Centre OKs Durgarajapatnam for NEW Port in Nellore in Andhra Pradesh
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014