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Electrosteel plant in Siyaljori, Jharkhand, India


Electrosteel Steels Limited (formerly known as Electrosteel Integrated Limited) has set up a 2.5 Million Ton Per Annum (MTPA) Greenfield integrated steel plant near Siyaljori village, in Bokaro district of Jharkhand [1, 2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Electrosteel plant in Siyaljori, Jharkhand, India
State or province:Jharkhand
Location of conflict:Village - Siyaljori; District- Bokaro
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Electrosteel Steels Limited has set up a 2.5 Million Ton Per Annum (MTPA) Greenfield Integrated Steel Plant near Siyaljori village, in the Bokaro district of Jharkhand. The unit produces Pig Iron, Billets, TMT Bars, Wire Rods and Ductile Iron Pipes. The Group has been allotted about 231 MT coal from Parbatpur captive mine block from Jharia coal field and Iron Ore mine at Kodolibad near Barajamda. Water is sourced from the nearby Damodar River. The company is also planning for a railway connectivity from the nearest railway station to the plant site [1,2].

Project area:810
Level of Investment for the conflictive project2,026,856,400 (Rs 12,000 crore)
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1500-2500
Start of the conflict:2012
Company names or state enterprises:Electrosteel Steels Limited from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Jharkhand
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Political Parties: Marxist Coordination Committee (MCC), Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Other Health impactsSome news on life losses at construction site:
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Proposal and development of alternatives:The protesting masses pressurized the Electrosteel management to accept the demands of poor farmers who have given ancestral land for the steel plant and coal extraction unit. Their demand includes jobs for the family members of farmers who are displaced. They also demanded salaries at par with Coal India Limited and SAIL for the land loser who got the job [4]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:According to the protestors the company has cheated marginal farmers with very meager amount of compensation during the acquisition of land. The company along with the police and officials has falsely implicated many protesting farmers. The company has also not fulfilled its earlier promises of supplying of drinking water rather it is extracting water from the bore well which causes water scarcity among the local villagers [3].
Following the protest, the company management has become soft on the protesters and asked them to come for the negotiation table for a long-term settlement [5]
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2013
[click to view]

[1] Company Overview of Electrosteel Steels Limited
[click to view]

[2] Electrosteel Steels Limited
[click to view]

[3] 250 protesting farmers, MCC MLA detained in Bokaro
[click to view]

[4] 1200 workers captive in steel plant

- Land-losers scale up protest, thrash five while police look on
[click to view]

[5] ‘Singur’ threat for steel plant
[click to view]

Job opportunities spread their wings at Electrosteel-Bokaro
[click to view]

ESL gears up to start production in new year
[click to view]

Bokaro administration accuses Electro Steel Limited of encroachment
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1320
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