Elsipogtog First Nation v. Fracking, NB, Canada


From late May to August 2013, The Miqmaq community of Elsipogtog in New Brunswick has maintained a sacred fire and a blockade near the junction of highways 126 and 116 west to symbolize a new boundary for fracking in the area.

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Basic Data
NameElsipogtog First Nation v. Fracking, NB, Canada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
SiteElsipogtog First Nation, Moncton, Kent County
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Specific Commodities
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording to the Premier of the province, new regulations for fracking include a requirement for exploratory wells to have a double casing to protect surrounding groundwater. Oil and gas companies also have to buy $10 million in liability insurance to cover personal injury or damage to property or the environment.

Project Area (in hectares)1000000
Level of Investment (in USD)45000000
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesSouthwestern Energy Resources from Canada
Relevant government actorsNew Brunswick Government, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Canadian Military
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMikmaq nation, Idle No More, The Kahnawake Warrior Society, Miqmaq Warrior Society, Council of Canadians, Conservation Council of New Brunswick
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Property damage/arson
Threats to use arms
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Strengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesAsking for a moratorium on fracking and recognition of their right to free prior and informed consent over projects in their territory.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Currently the company has withdrawn but plans to try to re-enter the territory soon.
Sources and Materials

Elsipogtog anti-fracking protester: no more games
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Tensions escalating in northern New Brunswick as anti-fracking protest continues, APTN
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New Brunswick Government, Natural Gas
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No need to worry about shale gas testing: New Brunswick premier, National Post
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New Brunswick: truck seizure, road block, ends peacefully despite RCMP negotiation failure.
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Media Links

People arrested at Anti Shale Protest on Route 126 in Kent Country
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLeah Temper
Last update08/04/2014