The proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline project aimed to link the oilsands region of Alberta to a shipping terminal in Kitimat, on the northwest coast of B.C., opening the door for more Canadian oil exports to be sent across the Pacific Ocean to Asia. The project was fiercely opposed by BC First Nations and environmental groups. In 2016, the project was officially cancelled. The proposed project was to build a twin pipeline from Bruderheim, Alberta to Kitimat, British Columbia. The eastbound pipeline would have imported natural gas condensate and the westbound pipeline would have exported diluted bitumen from the Athabasca tar sands to a marine terminal in Kitimat for transportation to Asian markets via oil tankers. The project would have also included terminal facilities with "integrated marine infrastructure at tidewater to accommodate loading and unloading of oil and condensate tankers, and marine transportation of oil and condensate". The $CDN 7.9 billion project was proposed in mid-2000s and has been postponed several times . The proposed project would have been developed by Enbridge Inc., a Canadian crude oil and liquids pipeline and storage company . Proponents argued that the pipeline would have provided Indigenous communities with equity ownership, employment, Community Trust and stewardship programs. Enbridge claimed the pipeline will create over 3,000 construction jobs and 560 long-term jobs in B.C, which it says would translate to $32 million per year in earned income flowing into local economies . First Nations groups, many municipalities, including the Union of BC Municipalities, environmentalists and oil sands opponents, among others, denounced the project because of the environmental, economic, social and cultural risks posed. Opposition to the pipeline was based in concern about the risk of oil spills and leaks, the effects on the environment and the risks from increased tanker traffic through B.C.'s Douglas Channel. Enbridge has a spotty record regarding spills, such as the Kalamazoo spill of 2010. Opponents also denounced Prime Minister Stephen Harpers Conservative government for proposed legislative changes they say would weaken environmental protections and limit the ability of environmental groups to intervene in project-assessment hearings. Opponents were also against the increased production from the oilsands, which they say will just further increase greenhouse gases and pollution . The Fraser Declaration, signed by 130 First Nations, reads: “Water is life, for our peoples and for all living things that depend on it. The Fraser River and its tributaries are our lifeline. A threat to the Fraser and its headwaters is a threat to all who depend on its health. We will not allow our fish, animals, plants, people and ways of life to be placed at risk…..Therefore, in upholding our ancestral laws, Title, Rights and responsibilities, we declare: We will not allow the proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines, or similar Tar Sands projects, to cross our lands, territories and watersheds, or the ocean migration routes of Fraser River salmon” . The Federal Court of Appeal ultimately ruled that consultation with First Nations was inadequate and overturned the approval . Timeline: 2005: Enbridge signed a cooperation agreement with PetroChina to ensure the utilization of pipeline capacity. PetroChina agreed to buy about 200 thousand barrels per day transported through the pipeline . 2006: Project announced. 2007: PetroChina withdrew from the projects because of delays in starting the project . December 2009: Canada's National Energy Board (NEB) and the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (CEAA) issued the Joint Review Panel Agreement and the terms of reference for the environmental and regulatory review of the Northern Gateway Pipelines . May 2010: Enbridge Northern Gateway submitted its project application to the National Energy Board. December 2010: 130 First Nations bands in British Columbia, including many along the proposed pipeline route, signed the Save The Fraser Declaration in opposition to oil pipelines through First Nation traditional territories . June 2014: the Northern Gateway pipeline project was approved by the Harper federal government, subject to 209 conditions . 2015: PM Justin Trudeau imposed a ban on oil tanker traffic on the north coast of British Columbia, effectively killing the project . November 2016: Trudeau officially rejected plans for the pipeline .