End Ecocde El Rio De Aguas, Paraje Natural Karst, Almeria, Spain


Here in South Eastern Spain, extending over 150 sq Kilometers, is the largest aquifer in the Province of Almeria, the Sorbas-Tabernas Basin, located in the province of Almeria in Andalucia, Southern Spain.

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Basic Data
NameEnd Ecocde El Rio De Aguas, Paraje Natural Karst, Almeria, Spain
SiteParaje Natural Karst en Yessos, Sorbas, Tabernas, Lucanainena Del Torres
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific Commoditiesolive trees
Fruits and Vegetables
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsTwo million olive trees, plastic greenhouses and industrial agriculture extracting five billion litres of water per year from the aquifer.

We are demanding complete transparency from the water authorities and will soon be in a position to verify this estimate.
Project Area (in hectares)15,000
Level of Investment (in USD)Millions of Euros - exact amout not possible to estimate at present
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population20,000 to a greater or lesser degree - some critical.
Start Date25/07/2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesGespater SL from Spain - Gross over exploitation of the aquifer
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU) - Provider of Subsidies: Over the years European Money has been given to advance these olive plantations now covering more than 3,500 hectares
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnd Ecocide on the Earth Global Alliance for Rights of Nature GEM (Group Ecologists Mediterranaen) Ecologists in Action ECI Rights of Nature

CELDF (Community Environmental Defense Fund) European Environmental Bureau

EMLA (Environmental Management and Law Association)

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Informal workers
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
A music festival was organized
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Global warming
Potential: Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (undecided)
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesThe mobilizers are demanding transparency from the water authorities and no further planting of industrial scale olive plantations.

Another suggestion is to grow a more appropriate crop for the desert: Agave Plantations. http://aboutharvest.com/tag/the-agave-project/

Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.As yet no outcomes. Legal strategies are ongoing.
Sources and Materials

THis link contains "source material" including newspaper articles, denuncios, and presentations.
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European conservation plan for El Rio des Aguas
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Web links - El olivar en el campo de Tabernas se multiplica por 16 en apenas un lustro
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Web links - Ecologistas instan a la Fiscalía a que investigue el abuso sobre el Río Aguas
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El empresario Juan Carrión compra la finca Agrosol y planta miles de olivos
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Media Links

Facebook page
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Other Documents

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Meta Information
ContributorDavid Dene. [email protected] End Ecocide El Rio De Aguas
Last update16/01/2015