Envira Amazônia REDD+ project in Acre, Brazil

Traditional communities became incorporated into new REDD+ carbon offset projects that left them with empty promises and severe restrictions of their livelihood while U.S. companies can buy 'emission credits' to continue polluting.


Description

Projeto Envira Amazônia is one of currently four carbon offset projects of the company CarbonCo in the Brazilian State of Acre. Aimed at producing carbon credits for companies in California to offset pollution, it is part of the international REDD+ program to ‘reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and foster conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks’.

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Basic Data
NameEnvira Amazônia REDD+ project in Acre, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceAcre
SiteFeijó
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
REDD/CDM
Specific CommoditiesLand
Ecosystem Services
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project area is 39,000 hectares (tropical forest) and locatd around 40 kilometers south from the city of Feijó, along the Jurupari and Envira rivers. The projects are led by the US-based CarbonCo, LLC in partnership with Freitas International Group, LCC (also called ‘Carbon Securities’). CarbonCo is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Carbonfund.org Foundation, Inc. and responsible for project certification and its early-stage financing. Carbon Securities works as a facilitator between them and the project owners and managers, assisting with logistics for site visits and translations. The land owner is JR Agropecuária e Empreendimentos EIRELI and responsible for the on-site management of the project. Its owner is Duarte José do Couto Neto who has several businesses and links to the Brazilian center-right government. The project is certified by ‘Verified Carbon Standard’ and the ‘Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance’ and legally bound to the REDD+ and Payment for Ecosystem Services norms of the State of Acre (Sistema Estadual de Incentivos a Serviços Ambientais, adopted in 2010). Terra Carbon and TECMAN LTDA provided technical assistance. For the year 2015, the estimated carbon credits created through the project were equivalent to 2,119,925 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. In total the project promises to mitigate the release of 12,5 million tons. [2][15]
Project Area (in hectares)39,300
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Populationofficially 60-70 people within the project zone, 200 in the wider area
Start Date02/08/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesFreitas International Group LLC (Carbon Securities) from United States of America - Project developer; facilitator between project initiator and land owner
TECMAN LTDA from Chile - Project partner, technical assistance
Terra Carbon LLC from United States of America - Project partner, technical assistance
JR Agropecuária e Empreendimentos EIRELI from Brazil - Land owner and manager
The Climate Community & Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) from United States of America - certification
Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) from United States of America - certification
CarbonCO LLC from United States of America - Project initiator; certification, financing
Relevant government actorsState Government of Acre

Ministry of Justice and Public Security

FUNAI
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFriends of the Earth Brazil https://amigosdaterrabrasil.wordpress.com/

The World Rainforest Movement https://wrm.org.uy/

Conselho Indigenista Missionário https://www.cimi.org.br/ - see also blog of Lindo Lindomar Padilha of CIMI Regional Amazônia Ocidental: https://lindomarpadilha.blogspot.com/

Federação do Povo Huni kui do Acre https://fephac.wixsite.com/fephac

Plataforma DhESCA Brasil http://www.plataformadh.org.br/

Conselho de Missão entre Índios http://comin.org.br/

Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Xapuri
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Other Environmental impacts
Otherpotential biodiversity loss due to loss of indigenous land use practices and the species they maintain.
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Otherco-optation of community leaders [7]
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseRepression
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesThe mobilizing communities who signed the Xapuri and Sena Madureira Declarations view carbon trading as a false response to climate change.

The human rights platform DhESCA who examine other REDD projects in Acre stresses the importance of the community's political and cultural rights. The strengthening of these would empower them to continue a life with and from the forest without being restricted in their ways of life, threatened, stigmatized or instrumentalized.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.There has been an effort of collective mobilization and awareness raising from local indigenous organizations and communities and some reports from media and international environmental NGOs but so far without being able to stop the project. Protests against REDD+ are part of a wider mobilization for demarcation and against the curtailing of indigenous rights.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Californian Global Warming Solutions Act (AB32)
[click to view]

Lei Nº 1.426 de 27 de Dezembre 2001, Estado do Acre (State Forestry Law)
[click to view]

Lei dos Serviços dos Ecossistemas #2.308/2010 (SISA; Acre Environmental Services Incentive System)
[click to view]

References

[15] CarbonCo (2016): The Envira Amazonia Project. A Tropical Forest Conservation in Acre, Brazil. (Summary)

[1] May, P; Millikan, B.; Gebara, M. (2011): The context of REDD+ in Brazil. Drivers, agents and institutions. CIFOR, Occasional Paper, 55, Second edition.

[2] CarbonCo (2015): The Envira Amazonia Project. A Tropical Forest Conservation Project in Acre, Brazil.

Links

[12] Motion of rejection and solidarity. (Open Letter) Published by World Rainforest Movement Online. (last accessed 15 July, 2018)
[click to view]

[14] Brazil: Sena Madureira Declaration, June 17, 2018. Published by World Rainforest Movement Online. (last accessed 15 July, 2018)
[click to view]

[11] Padilha, L. (2017): Indígenas repudiam carta de perseguição ao CIMI no Acre. (Video published on 29 September, 2017, last accessed 15 June, 2018)
[click to view]

[3] Kill, J. (2018): Projeto Envira REDD+, no Acre, Brasil: certificadoras de carbono atribuem Nível Ouro a promessas vazias. World Rainforest Movement Boletim Nro 237 – Abril / Maio 2018.

[4] Lang, C. (2013): Letter from Brazil opposing REDD in California’s Global Warming Solutions Act (AB32). Published on 23 April, 2013 by Redd Monitor Online (last accessed 15 July, 2018).
[click to view]

[6] Padilha, L. (2013): No Acre, em protesto, indígenas ocupam a frente do palácio do governador e assembléia legislativa. Blog entry on 4 October, 2013. (last accessed 15 July, 2018)
[click to view]

[9] World Rainforest Movement (2017): Brasil: Povos Indígenas do Acre declaram sua rejeição às políticas de REDD e seu apoio ao CIMI. Article published by World Rainforest Movement on the 3 October, 2017. (last accessed 15 July, 2018)
[click to view]

[8] Padilha, L. (2016): Em Rio Branco, AC, indígenas realizam ato e ocupam simbolicamente a Funai, Palácio do Governo e Assembléia Legislativa contra a violação de seus direitos. Blog entry on 13 July, 2016. (last accessed 15 July, 2018)
[click to view]

[10] Xapuri Declaration, May 28, 2017. Published by World Rainforest Movement Online. (last accessed 15 July, 2018)
[click to view]

[5] Padilha, L. (2013): 25 mil pessoas vão às ruas de Rio Branco Para desespero do Tião Viana. Blog entry on 23 June, 2013, last accessed 15 July, 2018)
[click to view]

[13] Portal Tarauacá (2018): Papa receberá indígenas durante encontro em Puerto Moldonado. A delegação acriana será de 42 líderes indígenas. Published on 13 january, 2018 by Portal Taraucá (last accessed 15 July, 2018).
[click to view]

[7] Democracy Now (2014): Brazilian Indigenous Leader: Carbon Trading Scheme “REDD” is a False Solution to Climate Change. (Video, last accessed 15 July, 2018)
[click to view]

Media Links

Meeting of indigenous and traditional communities Feijó in September 2017, announcing the open letter in support of CIMI and against attempted cooptation through the REDD+ proponents.
[click to view]

Sena Madureira Declaration
[click to view]

Xapuri Declaration
[click to view]

Video: Brazilian Indigenous Leader: Carbon Trading Scheme “REDD” is a False Solution to Climate Change
[click to view]

Open Letter to Governments and Press Release 2017
[click to view]

Videos series with 22 videos from Xapuri documenting the effects of REDD+ on traditional population (Os efeitos das políticas ambientais/climáticas para as populações tradicionais)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Banner at the movement's meeting In Sena Madureira in June 2018.
[click to view]

Demonstration against REDD in September 2017 in Feijó.
[click to view]

Meeting in 2018 in Sena Madureira with the aim to build a broader alliance against carbon trading
[click to view]

The Envira project area is located along the Jurupari river
[click to view]

A picture used to advertise the project and its social benefits.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorMax Stoisser
Last update09/11/2018
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