The Erdeneburen hydropower plant is planned on the Khovd River in western Mongolia, in an ecologically sensitive area of the Tsambagarav Uul National Park, a Ramsar protected area. The dam is included in the much larger Blue Horse program for Mongolia, a nationwide masterplan for water infrastructure development aimed at enabling further mining, cement production, and industrial activities in the country, in particular in the Gobi desert . Its construction was due to start in April 2022 by state-owned Chinese engineering company PowerChina and financed through a USD 1 billion soft loan given by China in 2014. A joint venture between PowerChina, the Eleventh Hydropower Bureau and the Chengdu Institute, led by PowerChina, will carry out the construction of the project. The dam, which is Mongolia’s largest hydropower plant to date with a designed installed capacity of 90 MW and capacity to generate 366 million kWh a year, is expected to supply power to five provinces . According to the government, it aims to reduce Mongolia’s dependence on expensive imported energy from China and Russia (currently accounting for the 72% of energy import in the Western Region) , and promote economic development by enabling the mining of minerals and oil in the Great Lakes Depression of western Mongolia.