Last update:
2019-11-30

Essar Pellet Plant,Paradeep, Odisha, India

Hundreds of villagers and workers staged protests asking for fulfilment of their demands, mainly on compensation, rehabilitation and employment.


Description:

Essar Steel is a fully integrated flat carbon steel manufacturer–from iron ore to ready-to-market products–with a current capacity of 10 million tonnes per annum (MTPA). Essar Steel's manufacturing facility comprises ore beneficiation, pellet making, iron making, steel making, and downstream facilities including cold rolling mill, galvanising, pre-coated facility, steel processing facility, extra wide plate mill and a pipe mill.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict: Essar Pellet Plant,Paradeep, Odisha, India
Country:India
State or province:Odisha
Location of conflict:Paradeep
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Water
Steel
Project Details and Actors
Project details

A 6 MTPA pellet plant is located at Paradip in the iron ore-rich state of Odisha. The plant has an assured supply of high-quality iron ore from the beneficiation plant at Dabuna, Odisha. The Paradeep Pellet plant will add another 6 MTPA to its capacity in the next financial year, bringing Essar’s total pelletization capacity at Paradip to 12 MTPA.

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Project area:510.7133
Level of Investment:603,582,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1000
Start of the conflict:2016
Company names or state enterprises:Essar Steel from India
Relevant government actors:Govt. of India.
State Pollution Control Board,Odisha
https://odocmms.nic.in/OCMMS/
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Gramya Surakhya Manch
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Strikes
Dharna
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Migration/displacement
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The Plant is Operational after getting the consent order for Establish and Operate from State Pollution Control Board,Odisha wherein all pollution control laws and conditions are properly regulated by the board and adhered by Proposed plant.
http://docs.orissaminerals.gov.in/MISUPDATE/Documents/PL//OSPCB/4082_2012127221835241_pcbopr.pdf
Rehabilitation od displaced people did not take place.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981
[click to view]

THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986
[click to view]

State Pollution Control Board,Odisha
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Essar sackings revive protest
[click to view]

Villagers protest Essar Steel’s callousness
[click to view]

The Telegraph, 4 April 2018. Job cry gains pitch at Essar plant site.

Nearly 80 families who lost their homestead to Essar's steel project here renewed their agitation for permanent employment cover on Tuesday.
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Locals continue to stage dharna at Essar Steel in Paradip, 31 August 2018.The New India Express.
[click to view]

Other documents

Workers Protests Protesting the alleged callousness of Essar Steel in fulfilling their demands, mainly on compensation, rehabilitation and employment opportunities, hundreds of villagers from Nuagada areas staged a demonstration in front of the company&’s main gate today.

Sources said that the villagers charged that the company is busy only in its project works like laying pipe line between Keonjhar and Paradip for its six million tonne pellet plant without bothering for the displaced families.“The villagers of Handia and Nuagada are the worst affected by the pipe line laying work. However, despite all our pleadings, the company authorities have not yet taken any concrete steps to consider our case,” said a villager.

The 360 families, which will be displaced, were assured to be rehabilitated at a rehabilitation colony; but, the villagers alleged that even the patch of land is yet to be identified for the colony.
[click to view]

The New Indian Express, 4 April 2018 Hundreds of villagers of Handia under the banner of Gramya Surkhya Samiti staged dharna in front of Essar plant to press their nine-point charter of demands.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Tapan Kumar Jena.Mail id- [email protected],Mob no-+91-9309549932.
Last update30/11/2019
Comments
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