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Eucalyptus plantation in Soriano department, Uruguay


In 2009 the Finnish-Swedish Stora Enso and the Chilean company Arauco bought the Spanish company Ence that was operating in the forestry business in Uruguay.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Eucalyptus plantation in Soriano department, Uruguay
State or province:Soriano Department
Location of conflict:Cierro Alegre
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:Eucalyptus
Project Details and Actors
Project details

hectareas of land owned by MPD already planted with eualyptus monocultures million tonns pulp mill being built by MDP

Project area:30000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Montes del Plata from Uruguay
Arauco from Chile
Stora Enso from Sweden
Relevant government actors:Local government, Ministry of Environment, OSE - Obras Sanitarias del Estado
International and Finance InstitutionsInter-American Development Bank (IADB)
Finnvera, Finnish Export Credit from Finland
Swedish Export Credit from Sweden
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Guayubira Group,, World Rainforest Movement,
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnder construction
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The plantation fields are already there and there seems to be no plans for recovering depleted water sources
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Environmental impact assesment law

Forestry law

sanitation constitute fundamental human rights.

The Constitution of the Republic of Uruguay, 1967, last amended in 2004, confirms in Article 47 that access to drinking water and access to

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Monte del Plata
[click to view]

Servicio de Prensa Forestal
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Teresa Perez
Last update08/04/2014
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