Expansion of cattle industry of Agropecuária Santa Bárbara Xinguara in Pará, Brazil

Around 500.000 acquired legally and illegally by Agro Santa Barbara to increase cattle production. The land occupation by landless peasants provoked several episodes of violence in Pará.


Landless peasants' struggle for land is a key element among Brazil’s grass-roots movements and the state of Pará is at the center of the dispute. In 1996, the State Government of Pará and the Military Police were responsible for the killing nineteen landless peasants and hurting another seventy during an eviction attempt at a farm in the municipality of El Dorado dos Carajás. This infamous episode became known as the Carajás’ massacre. Since then, the struggle for land escalated and the rhythm of invasions and the establishment of occupation settlements grew steadily in the area.

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Basic Data
NameExpansion of cattle industry of Agropecuária Santa Bárbara Xinguara in Pará, Brazil
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAgropecuária Santa Bárbara(AgroSB) have at least five big farms with 500.000 ha with 870 workers. Some of its land were occupied by the MST. There wwas violence, several peasants were killed. The company arranged for the aerial spraying of agrotoxics on the MST settlements.
Project Area (in hectares)500,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population700 families displaced
Start Date1996
Company Names or State EnterprisesAgropecuária Santa Bárbara (AgroSB) from Brazil - OWNER
Relevant government actorsNational Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform (INCRA); Pará’s judicial court.
International and Financial InstitutionsOpportunity Fund from Brazil
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEjos: Comissão Pastoral da Terra (CPT);Landless peasants, Landless Workers' Movement (MST); Central dos Trabalhadores e Trabalhadoras do Brasil - Pará (CPT-PA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationLand occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Development of AlternativesAgro-ecological projects focusing on the families subsistence and commercialisation of staple foods.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.So far, INCRA (the land reform institute) has neither finished the acquisition process with AgroSB or recognised part of the Cedro ranch as public land. Meanwhile, land grabbing by big agribusiness keeps growing in Brazil, namely in the State of Pará. Many of these large properties keep serving land speculation and money laundering schemes. Hand in hand with appropriation by large companies comes less distributional justice for peasants who keep struggling for access to land.
Sources and Materials

Avião pulverizador joga agrotóxico em 340 famílias no interior do Pará
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The Fall of a Brazilian Financier
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Sem-terra invadem fazenda do banqueiro Daniel Dantas no Pará
[click to view]

Polícia cumpre reintegração de posse em fazendas de Daniel Dantas no Pará
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Sempre polêmico, Daniel Dantas fica bilionário com pecuária
[click to view]

Fazenda ligada a Daniel Dantas doou R$ 1,1 milhão ao PT
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Avião joga veneno sobre famílias de sem terra acampadas no PA
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Como um defensor do MST derrubou a banca do milionário Daniel Dantas

Um solitário defensor da Comissão Pastoral da Terra enfrentou um império da advocacia e encheu de sem-terra uma fazenda do ex-banqueiro Daniel Dantas
[click to view]

Media Links

Agro Santa Bárbara
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Other Documents

Acampamento sem terra em área de Daniel Dantas. O MST e outros grupos usam acusações contra ele como justificativa para invasões Foto: ADRIANO MACHADO/AGÊNCIA O GLOBO
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Criação de gado da Agropecuária Santa Bárbara Source: O Globo / Michel Filho

https://oglobo.globo.com/brasil/fazenda-ligada-daniel-dantas-doou-11-milhao-ao-pt-14040105#ixzz5LJsKMf8w stest
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorENVJustice Project
Last update18/07/2018