Last update:
2014-09-19

Exploración petrolera en el alto Ariari, Meta, Colombia

Description:

Actualmente en la región del Alto Ariari se están haciendo los procesos de socialización del proyecto “Área de perforación exploratoria Guarupayo” como parte del bloque petrolero CPO9 Llanos orientales. Este proceso de exploración lo llevaría a cabo la empresa Mega Oil, contratada por ECOPETROL, titular del 55% del bloque CPO9, junto a Talisman Energy Inc que es titular del 45% restante.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Exploración petrolera en el alto Ariari, Meta, Colombia
Country:Colombia
State or province:Meta
(municipality or city/town)Granada, El Castillo, El Dorado, Cubarral, San Martín de los Llanos
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Para el área de exploración Guarupayo ECOPETROL ha proyectado un área de 1.300 km de línea de sísmica.

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Project area:20,350
Level of Investment:3,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:20,000
Start of the conflict:13/01/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Ecopetrol from Colombia
Relevant government actors:Ministerio de Minas y Energía, Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, Agencia Nacional de Licencias Ambientales, Corporación autónoma para el desarrollo del Ariari, Corporinoquia, Defensoría del Pueblo, Gobernación del Meta.

Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:ASOjuntas Granada, Meta. Corporación de gestores del Ariari. Movimiento río Ariari patrimonio hídrico, Mesa hídrica del Sumapaz. Comité defensor del río Ariari.

Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Repression
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Development of alternatives:Las comunidades piden que: se niegue cualquier solicitud de exploración y explotación de hidrocarburos en la región y se declare a la región del Ariari, Zona Agrícola por ser despensa de Colombia.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:La decisión de otorgar licencia ambiental y concesión para exploración en esta zona pone por encima los intereses extractivos de la compañía y no los reclamos de las comunidades que pueden perder sus medios de subsistencia y asumirán en mayor medida las consecuencias ambientales y sociales de una eventual explotación.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Decreto 743 de 1975

Decreto 906 de 1991

Ley 20 de 1969, decreto reglamentario 1994 de 1989
[click to view]

Ley 97 de 1993
[click to view]

Decreto legislativo 2310 de 1974
[click to view]

Código de petróleos (decreto extraordinario 1056 de 1953)
[click to view]

Ley 10 de 1961, decreto reglamentario 1348 de 1961
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Licencia ambiental
[click to view]

"PLANTON POR LA DEFENSA DEL AGUA EN EL ALTO ARIARI "
[click to view]

" El Castillo - Meta Pasará de ser una Despensa Agrícola a Convertirse en un Nuevo Hueco del Territorio Colombiano A Causa de la Explotación Minera"
[click to view]

"Alto Ariari no quiere petróleo en su tierra

El Dorado, El Castillo y Cubarral se asesoran para hacer consulta popular. "
[click to view]

Excepción de grupos étnicos
[click to view]

"En Granada exploración petrolera en el Ariari patrocina fotos en blanco y negro"
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

"Campesinos en defensa del territorio - Alto Ariari"
[click to view]

"Socialización EIA -Estudio de Impacto ambiental-"
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:CENSAT Agua Viva - Amigos de la Tierra Colombia
Last update19/09/2014
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