Exploration of Oil in Block 10BB and Block 13T, Turkana, Kenya


In March 2012, the then Kenyan President, Mwai Kibaki announced that oil had been discovered in Turkana County after exploratory drilling by Tullow Oil.

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Basic Data
NameExploration of Oil in Block 10BB and Block 13T, Turkana, Kenya
ProvinceTurkana County
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)1,249,100
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population855,400
Company Names or State EnterprisesAfrica Oil Corp from Canada
Tullow Oil Plc from United Kingdom
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Energy; Ministry of Planning and Devolution
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNature Kenya, Friends of Lake Turkana
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Forms of MobilizationStreet protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseSuspending project operations following protest by residents.
Development of Alternatives• Maximize benefit to local economy-Jobs, revenue sharing

• Engaging the local community in decision making, while taking into cosideration their opinion and views.

• The need for comprehensive environmental planning/monitoring(Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA),Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) )

• The need for value Ecosystem and social systems adequate risk benefit calculation.

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Residents are protesting against the project, demanding to be consulted and to benefit more from the project. Conservationists have also cautioned against environmental degradation and and negative impact of oil drilling on biodiversity in Lake Turkana. However, the company implementing the project and the government have not done much to address these issues.
Sources and Materials

Constitution of Kenya; National Environmental Management and Coordination Act; Energy Act; Petroleum Exploration and Production Act


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ContributorSerah Munguti
Last update24/06/2014