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Exploration of Oil in Block 10BB and Block 13T, Turkana, Kenya


In March 2012, the then Kenyan President, Mwai Kibaki announced that oil had been discovered in Turkana County after exploratory drilling by Tullow Oil.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Exploration of Oil in Block 10BB and Block 13T, Turkana, Kenya
State or province:Turkana County
Location of conflict:Turkana
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:1,249,100
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:855,400
Company names or state enterprises:Africa Oil Corp from Canada
Tullow Oil Plc from United Kingdom
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Energy; Ministry of Planning and Devolution
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Nature Kenya, Friends of Lake Turkana
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Suspending project operations following protest by residents.
Development of alternatives:• Maximize benefit to local economy-Jobs, revenue sharing
• Engaging the local community in decision making, while taking into cosideration their opinion and views.
• The need for comprehensive environmental planning/monitoring(Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA),Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) )
• The need for value Ecosystem and social systems adequate risk benefit calculation.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Residents are protesting against the project, demanding to be consulted and to benefit more from the project. Conservationists have also cautioned against environmental degradation and and negative impact of oil drilling on biodiversity in Lake Turkana. However, the company implementing the project and the government have not done much to address these issues.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Constitution of Kenya; National Environmental Management and Coordination Act; Energy Act; Petroleum Exploration and Production Act

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Meta information
Contributor:Serah Munguti
Last update24/06/2014
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