In the beginning of 2019, Brazil’s new government announced the construction start of an electrical transmission line from Manaus to Boa Vista, as an extension of the existing Tucuruí transmission line. It would connect the isolated state of Roraima to the Brazilian energy grid, following the same corridor as the BR-174, including about 125 kilometers running through the territory of the Waimiri Atroari. The line had been proposed since the controversial constructions of BR-174 highway in the 1970s but it was especially pushed forward in the last decade. It has however faced opposition from the Waimiri Atroari group as well as regional politicians and non-government organizations. Looking back on a long history of violent conflict and ‘development’ interventions (see also related cases of the BR-174 construction, the Pitinga mine and the Balbina hydroelectric dam in the EJAtlas), leading to the group’s almost-extinction in the 1980s and an ongoing struggle for basic rights, the Waimiri Atroari (self-denomination: Kinja) today consists of 31 villages with a total number of 1,600 – 2,000 people.