Since 2003, the United Valleys Action Group (UVAG) have resisted opencast mining at Ffos-y-Fran, and proposals for further extraction at neighbouring Nant Llesg. Opposition has centered on the health impacts of coal dust, the visual impact of mining on the landscape, and the role of coal in aggravating climate change. In May 2016 Reclaim the Power activists held an 'End Coal Now' protest camp at the site in solidarity with local campaigners. In 2017, a UN's Special Rapporteur recommended an independent inquiry into the health impacts of the mine on the local community. The End Coal Now camp at the site of the UK’s largest opencast coalmine, Ffos-y-Fran in South Wales brought together, in 2016, hundreds of people from the UK and Europe. They converged on a moorland adjacent to Ffos-y-Fran, a massive excavation spanning 1000 acres and itself situated only a few hundred meters away from the town of Merthyr Tydfil (an industrial town in the past that by 1831 had already witnessed a general strike). . This is near the site of the Aberfan disaster of 1966,when 144 people, including 116 children, died when a mountain of mining slag collapsed onto houses and the village school. Many think that the reclamation and coal mining scheme in Ffos-y-Fran is mainly about mining and less about reclamation. It started in a storm of protest in 2007. According to the company, 1000 acres of ‘acutely derelict and dangerous’ ex-industrial land will be restored to its former condition and returned, at no cost to the public purse, to common ownership. "So far so good. But there’s a catch. Before this restoration takes place, 10 million tonnes of coal will be extracted from the ground, much of it destined for the Aberthaw power station." . Similar to the Ende Gelände movement in Germany, “the camp of May 2016 culminated with a mass protest action, an act of civil disobedience designed to generate maximum impact magnifying the ongoing struggle to transition away from fossil fuels. Over 300 protesters entered the mine to temporarily halt operations, indicating a turn away from activities within established legal and institutional structures to prefigurative actions that transgressed the political logic of the state, mobilizing collective power to interrupt the flow of energy”. The protesters traced a Red Line on the ground. The proposed open cast mine would produce about 11 million tons of coal (for the 1500 MW coal fired power plant), and demonstrators made a point that this represents over 30 million tons of carbon dioxide. The link to climate change has been very explicit in the campaign, as in some many other actions in Europe on “leaving coal in the hole”. There is solidarity with other anti-coal movements. For instance, at the camp, Rumana Hashem, founder of the Phulbari Solidarity Group and executive member of the National Committee to Protect Oil, Gas, Mineral Respurces, Power and Port in Bangladesh, spoke to a full tent of activists , "connecting experiences in Wales with struggles elsewhere to secure environmental justice" . ===================================== Ffos-y-Fran is in world terms a small coal mine (one million tons per year at most) but it is the biggest opencast coalmine in the UK.