Fibria and Eldorado Brasil project in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Fibria, a Brazilian company, took over eucalyptus plantations and a pulp mill which started functioning in 2009. Eldorado Brasil project was launched a bit later and has bought lands and planted eucalyptus.


Fibria, a Brazilian company with a strong presence in the global forest products market, took over eucalyptus plantations and a pulp mill under construction from International Paper (US) in 2006. Its pulp mill started functioning in 2009. Eldorado Brasil project was launched a bit later and has bought lands and planted eucalyptus. It is building its pulp mill now and is expected to be inaugurated in 2012. Small-scale farmers are concerned about aerial application of agrotoxics, and increased land property concentration, as well as food sovereignity of the region. Severe conflicts are occurring among workers and out-sourced companies in the pulp mill construction of Eldorado Brasil project.

Basic Data
NameFibria and Eldorado Brasil project in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
ProvinceMato Grosso do Wul
SiteTrs Lagoas
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesCellulose

Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsFibria is producing 1 million tons now and Eldorado will produce 1.5 million tons of cellulose
Project Area (in hectares)400000
Level of Investment (in USD)1350000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Company Names or State EnterprisesFibria from Brazil
Eldorado Brazil Papel e Celulose from Brazil
Relevant government actorsBNDES (National social and development bank)is financing Eldorado Brasil
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersregional and national trade unions (Fetracon and CUT), Comisso Pastoral da Terra (CPT), Via Campesina
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Desertification/Drought, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Otheraerial spreading of agrotoxics
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents
OtherTheres an alarming scaling up of violence against women, 10 times more than before.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
OtherIn the past few years the violence against women increased 10-fold. In relation to the construction of the Eldorado Brasil pulp mill, main impacts are a conseuquence of the migration of thousands of workers to the region, especially Trs Lagoas; affecting these trabalhadores with overcrowding in lodgings, violations of workers rights. Disrespect of agreements by subsidiaries of Eldorado. Costs of life have increased considerably, e.g. prices of rent.
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseViolent targeting of activists
Trade union leaders have been threatened and so-called black lists have been made; in the plantations area, conflict is latent
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The region is under heavy expansion of eucalyptus plantations without any planning in agrarian land reform, and no concern on food sovereignity. At the moment, a violent conflict is going on between subsidiaries of Eldorado Brasil and workers who are constructing the pulp mill and denunciating violation of their rights.
Sources and Materials

Labour rights and environmental legislation Brazil.


WRM Bulletin nr. 168, Brasil: Mato Grosso do Sul, a nova fronteira do eucalipto, , 2011
[click to view]


- Tres Lagoas a Capital da Celulose: o no-dito. Rosemeire Aparecida de Almeida
[click to view]

[click to view]

Kudlaviz, Mieceslau. Dinmica agraria y la territorializacin del complejo celulosa/papel en la micro-regin de Trs Lagoas/MS. Disertacin de Maestra del programa de Posgrado en Geografia, UFMS, Trs Lagoas, 2011

Jornal Brasil de Fato (2012), Crime sem castigo da empresa Eldorado, em Trs Lagoas, 12-18 de abril 2012

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ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update08/02/2016