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First oil spill at Akipelai Community, Nigeria


The people of Akipelai are Ijaw Ogbia Ijaw speaking folks situated in Ogbia local government area of Bayelsa State. Fishing and farming are the main occupation of the people. The community is the maternal home of the current Nigerian President, Goodluck Jonathan. The spill occurred on 14th September, 2012 when an oil servicing company [Flees Global] contracted by Agip was carrying out some operations at the manifold. Flees Global was in the process of linking a new oil well from the neighbouring community [Aggrissaba] to the Obama flowstation by connecting it to the manifold on their land. The family of Aki and Amabebe in the community laid claim to the impacted area, as landlords. Leaders of the community expressed displeasure about the attitude of Agip toward the spill incident. After one week of reporting the spill, Agip is yet to visit the area to conduct investigation and remediation of the impacted site. Agip also attributed the incident to equipment failure.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:First oil spill at Akipelai Community, Nigeria
State or province:Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Location of conflict:Akipelai Community in Ogbia Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:14/09/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Flees Global Service Ldt from Nigeria
Agip Group from Italy
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, Friends of the Earth - Nigeria, Oilwatch Nigeria
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills
Potential: Air pollution, Genetic contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Development of alternatives:-Agip should mobilize to contain the spill and clean up immediately.
-The mandatory Joint Investigation Visit comprising all stakeholders should be carried, and compensation should be paid to the affected local people
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The Nigerian Agip oil Company is still yet to visit the area for investigation and clean up the affected communities. report from the local people have fallen on deaf ears. Agip has ignored the cry from the local people.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

ERA Field report

Meta information
Contributor:Nnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014
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