The Chilika Lake, which is the largest brackish water lagoon in India, had been a steady source of livelihood for the poor (scheduled caste) people residing in more than 100 fisher hamlets surrounding the lake in the districts of Puri, Khurda and Ganjam of Odisha for decades. During the late 1980s the boom in the worldwide shrimp industry due to a rise in demand of shrimp exports to United States of America, Japan and European countries was seen as a golden opportunity for Indian industrialists and politicians to increase their foreign exchange earnings. In 1986, the government of Odisha entered into an agreement with the TATA to open a large aquaculture unit named Tata Aquatic Farm Ltd. to lease 1400 hectares of land in Chilika for prawn cultivation for a period of 15 years. The government had 10 % share in the deal which was opposed by the Janta Dal. However, when the party Janta Dal came into power in 1989, it merely changed the name of the farm into Chilika Acquatic Farms Ltd and increased the share of govt to 49%.The entire output of the farm was to be processed and exported. The annual turn over from the farms was to be of RS. 3000 lakhs which was to be in foreign exchange (1).