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Amagerfælled:丹麦哥本哈根公地的防御

“谁想住在石沙漠中?”自然保护区的Amagerfælled,即“ Amager Commons”,是人民的公园,是该地区与众不同的物种的故乡。现在受到城市基础设施项目的威胁。



案例描述

城市和港口开发人员by&havn揭示了他们对南哥本哈根城市自然地区AmagerFælled的计划。 Sundby Metro车站附近的40公顷大型绿色区域将转变为一个新的社区,拥有几座7层的公寓楼,提供2,000-3,000个住房单元,以及商店,超市,停车场和日托中心。建筑公司目前正在提交其项目建议,并希望建筑物希望建设工作将于2017 - 2018年开始,并且第一批居民将能够在两年后搬迁。 [1]那个老海滩草地早在1992年由市政当局和政府向哥本哈根地铁支付的一家商业公司。该协议是该地区国家法律的一部分。因此,他们驳斥了一项正在进行的保存法律,该法律已在合法上被法律采用。

今天这个古老的草地,在全国范围内列出了几个物种,并在国际上列出了用于保存

该地区的伟大生物多样性是独一无二的,这些年以来一直在这些年中幸存下来,因为土地从未被农业产业耕种,所以该地区是独一无二的。由于其位置,施肥者和农药的环境危害受到限制。

今天通过立法后将近30年,我们更加意识到我们的重要性保留性质,但由于其货币成本,这种意识并没有使政治家蒙受。科学家已经警告该项目将产生不可逆转的影响。问题之一是由于AmagerFælled的低位置而导致洪水泛滥。此外,将消除关键栖息地和物种,并在整个施工过程中乃至长期。到周围地区(例如,许多鸟类居住的附近湖泊)也可能是毁灭性的。[2]

基本数据
冲突名称:Amagerfælled:丹麦哥本哈根公地的防御
国家:丹麦
冲突位置:哥本哈根
位置精度中(地区范围)
冲突来源
冲突类型(一级):生物多样性保护冲突
冲突类型(二级)城市发展冲突
湿地和滨海区域管理
森林砍伐
土地征用冲突
商品基础设施,住房
土地
项目详情和相关主体
项目详情

Amagerfælled是哥本哈根的一个公共场所,在城市和港口开发商的决定下,将减少大小,而港口开发人员将南部哥本哈根城市自然区的一部分转换为建造环境。 By&Havn透露,五个建筑团队已经开始为位于VejlandsAllé和Bella Center Convertion Center北部的AmagerFælled区的潜在总体规划工作。但是,在首都在AmagerFæll上开发大约40公顷自然区域的决定并未与许多哥本人顺利进行。 “谁想住在石沙漠中?现在,如果我们想保留哥本哈根的本性,这是现在的。 “在哥本哈根的AmagerFæll上建造2500户房屋是完全疯狂的。它必须停止。” [3]

项目面积:308
投资规模150,000,000
人口类型城市
受影响人数500,000
冲突开始事件:18/09/2016
公司名称或国有企业名称By & Havn from Denmark - Owner of the area
相关政府主体:哥本哈根市丹麦州
环境正义组织(和其他支持者)及其网址(若存在):-danmarks Naturfredningsforening(丹麦自然保护协会)http://www.dn.dk/-miljøorganisationennoah(环境组织Noah)https://noah.dk/- forests of the World of the World of the World(Http:// www。 forestsoftheworld.org/) - amagerfælledvenner
冲突与动员
强度中等(街头抗议、可见的动员)
反应阶段防御性抗争(预防阶段)
参与行动的群体:本地环境正义组织
地方政府/政党
邻居/公民/社区
社会运动
休闲资源使用者
本地科学家/专业人士
动员形式:形成替代报告/知识
制定备选方案
国家和国际非政府组织的参与
基于媒体的行动/替代媒体
官方举报信和请愿书
公众活动
街头抗议/游行
关于自然权利的主张
项目影响
环境影响可见: 生物多样性丧失(野生生物、农业多样性), 景观/美感丧失, 噪声污染, 森林退化和植被丧失
潜在: 土壤污染, 洪水(河流、沿海、泥流), 地表水污染/水质(理化生属性)下降, 生态/水文连通性降低
健康影响潜在: 其他健康影响
社会经济影响可见: 失去景观/地域感
潜在: 丧失传统知识/习俗/文化, 迫迁/安置, 土地剥夺
结果
项目状态拟议(勘察阶段)
冲突结果/回应在谈判/协商中
你认为这在环境正义上是否成功?是否捍卫了环境正义?
略作解释在哥本哈根市的Amager Faelled中反对大规模建筑。冲突仍在发展。
资料来源

[1] Development plans for Copenhagen nature area revealed. Green zone will be transformed into a new neighbourhood with high-rise buildings. September 12th, 2016 by Lucie Rychla
[click to view]

[2] Is privatisation looming for the park of the people?

If you haven’t yet discovered it, you needn’t leave Copenhagen to experience nature. Within Amager lies a piece of the wild, making it easy for you to forget you are even in the city. But how might this picture change in the near future? December 10th, 2016, by Ashley Smalley
[click to view]

[3] Copenhagen Post, 25 April 2016, Copenhagen nature area facing development plans. Part of Amager Fælled sectioned off to become new district.
[click to view]

[4] Copenhagen's Wetland Debate: To Build or Preserve

An interview with the Danish political party Enhedslisten (aka Red-Green Alliance) about Amager Fælled ("Amager Common").

English article about Amager Fælled published 25 January 2017 in CityLab by Feargus O'Sullivan
[click to view]

[5] Putting a price on biodiversity.

An in depth article about Amager Fællled and an interview with the Friends of Amager Common

Published in Murmur 18 April 2017 by Peter Stanners
[click to view]

[6] A Challenge to Copenhagens's Model of Development

Copenhagen's Lord Mayor Frank Jensen announced his about-face on a project he had personally endorsed. The city promised to look elsewhere for construction. Published by CityLab 25 september 2017 in CityLab by Feargus O'Sullivan
[click to view]

[7] Pristine land on Amager Fælled might be saved

Lord Mayor Frank Jensen has agreed to find an alternate site for a housing development on Amager Fælled, after a majority in City Hall withdrew their support. But activists are concerned he may just change his mind after the election. Published in The Murmur 6 October 2017 by Peter Stanners
[click to view]

[8] Green issues pivotal in municipal election

The Social Democrats control over Copenhagen City Hall hangs in the balance over their support of a redevelopment on Amagerfælled. Published in The Murmur 16 October 2017 by Peter Stanners
[click to view]

相关视频、活动、和社交网络链接

10 minute video on human ring demonstration, 18 Sept 2016
[click to view]

Human ring demonstration, 18 Sept. 2016
[click to view]

Folkering 2 (The people's ring 2). Sunday 7. may the people of Copenhagen gathered around Amager Fælled (Amager common) to protest against the building plans.
[click to view]

Amager Fælleds Festival (the Amager commons festival) on sunday 10 October 2017.
[click to view]

The common protest song "Til Ama'r Fælled" (To Amager Common)

The common song is sung and recorded with Wili Jønsson on bass, Johan Olsen, Rovdrift, Vokalselskabet Glas, Louise Brüel Flagstad and others.
[click to view]

其他文件

The Battle of the Commons - A case study of Amager Fælled A thesis that investigate the motivation behind the Municipality of Copenhagen’s privatisation of public space and how an urban social movement responds to this.



Through a case study of Amager Fælled, a preserved nature area in Copenhagen, Denmark, the conflict between the urban planning strategies of Copenhagen and the urban social movement Amager Fælleds Venner is examined. Amager Fælled is a public nature area that the Municipality of Copenhagen has planned to develop for housing. Amager Fælleds Venner are fighting against the planned privatisation of the nature area, as they see Amager Fælled as an important part of their urban life. The investigations were carried out by walking interviews with four members of Amager Fælleds Venner, netnography of their Facebook group and critical discourse analysis of several documents from the Municipality of Copenhagen. The result of the thesis indicates that urban politics in Copenhagen have gone through processes of neoliberalisation and that the urban social movement, Amager Fælleds Venner, is a product of these politics.
[click to view]

其他评论AmagerFælled是一个非常多样化和独特的绿色区域,距离哥本哈根中心仅2.5公里。该区域有各种植被和生物植物;主要是灌木丛,融合了森林,湖泊,芦苇森林和旧盐沼以及放牧的奶牛,主要是野外的。由于其规模为2.5 km2,这对于哥本哈根公民来说是一个非常不错的机会,可以走向几乎野性的大自然。目前有计划将旧的沼泽地区用于建筑物以及道路建设。
元数据
案例作者Steffen Rasmussen, Friends of Amager Fælleds, [email protected]
最近更新18/11/2017
案例编码2506
评论
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