This case is an environmental conflict with Mamamayan Ayaw sa Aerial Spraying (MAAS), based in Davao City, to ban aerial spraying of pesticides/fungicides in banana plantations. The conflict area is Davao City in southern Mindanao. MAAS is conducting a countrywide environmental campaign to enforce an ordinance banning the aerial spraying of pesticides that the Davao City government passed in 2007 . Philippines is the second largest exporter of banana plantations in the world, followed by India and China . The banana industry is essential in Davao City and the Mindanao region . In 2000, a report by Dr Quijano and his daughter on health hazards due to aerial spraying of pesticides in rural areas of Davao de Sul was published . The report mentions the use of pesticides in banana plantations as the cause of the enormous impact on plants, livestock, and the human body . In 2001, LADECO banana plantation filed a lawsuit against the reporter and publisher for criminal libel charges. This lawsuit was the first case of anti-pesticide spraying [4, p. 9]. Department of Health investigation in 2006 found that pesticide aerial spraying was the cause of health hazards to the residents of Kamukhaan, Davao del Sur . In 2007, the Davao City government passed a ban ordinance on pesticide aerial spraying [4, p.9]. However, in 2009, the Court of Appeals ruled the ordinance unconstitutional [4, p10]. The Davao City Council and MAAS elevated the case to the Supreme Court [4, p10]; in 2016, the Supreme Court ruled that the relevant ordinance was unconstitutional. In 2019, Interface for Development Interventions for Sustainability (IDIS) confirmed the continuation and resumption of aerial spraying in banana plantation plantations in Davao City . This case is an environmental justice dispute in which MAAS is seeking a response from the government by expanding the conflict from Davao City to the entire country [4, p.3]. There are also echos abroad- Japan is one main importer of bananas from the Philippines . While the government of the Philippines was forced to choose between its drive for export dollars and its responsibility to protect public health as opposition to aerial spraying of pesticides continued to mount, the environmental campaigners wanted to enlist Japanese consumers in their fight to permanently ban the practice because 45 percent of the nation’s bananas were exported to Japan..