Last update:

Gaoling waste incinerator in Xi’an, Shaanxi, China

Thousands of Gaoling citizens took to the streets for a week in October 2016 to protest against a waste incinerator. Despite promises by local authorities, residents continued the protest risking police repression and arrests.


Xi’an is the hearth of China, geographically but also historically. It is one  ancient capital of China, starting point of the Silk Road and home to the dynasties of Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui, and Tang. Here is located the world famous archaeological site of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s Terracotta Army. Today it is a city of 10 million people, and one among the 13 emerging megacities in China.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Gaoling waste incinerator in Xi’an, Shaanxi, China
State or province:Shaanxi
Location of conflict:Gaoling, Xi'an
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Incinerators
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

1500 tons/day.

See more
Project area:1
Level of Investment for the conflictive project110,000,000
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:350,000
Start of the conflict:11/10/2016
Company names or state enterprises:China Environmental Protection Group Co., Ltd (cecic) from China - Construction company
Relevant government actors:Gaoling district government
Municipality of Xi'an
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Gaoling residents
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Violations of human rights
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Repression
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Citizens protested for a week, until they were repressed. The project was temporarily suspended, but is expected to be built.
Sources & Materials

Protests against Gaoling (Xi'an) waste incineration project have been repressed by the police
[click to view]

"Waste incineration must be cautious". CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIVELIHOOD WATCH
[click to view]

"Gaoling District Fan Junli led to Jiangsu Changzhou waste incineration power generation project inspection" Gaoling District Government
[click to view]

"What is the whereabouts of municipal solid waste incineration? Listen to how experts say"
[click to view]

Xi’an man arrested for spreading rumors about waste plant protest. By Yang Sheng Source. Global Times Published, 2016/10/19.
[click to view]

China: Xian under security alert after thousands protest incinerator plant. Radio Free Asia. 17 October 2016
[click to view]

"Xi'an Gaoling million people protest waste incineration plant construction of thousands of military police into more than protest against the public arrested". RFA
[click to view]

"Environment (outdoor) air quality and health" World Health Organization
[click to view]

Thousands of Xi'an's residents protested for six consecutive days against waste incineration plant
[click to view]

"Notice on Bidding for Harmless Treatment Project of Gaoling Domestic Waste". China Mining Network
[click to view]

Gaoling Life Waste Disposal of PPP Project Consultation Agency Procurement Project Competitive Consultation Announcement
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

VIDEO: Xi'an residents protested against the project for a waste incineration plant. Repression by police.

China's environmental pollution. China's human rights situation
[click to view]

Other comments:
Meta information
Contributor:Federico Demaria
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2835
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.