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Gas Flaring In Ebocha, Nigeria


Every year, millions of dollars are literally going up in smoke in Nigeria, Africas top crude oil-exporting nation; companies infact usually burn off unwanted natural gas released during oil production.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Gas Flaring In Ebocha, Nigeria
State or province:Rivers State
Location of conflict:Ogba kingdom in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Gas flaring
Specific commodities:Natural Gas
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to the Nigerian Nation Petroleum Corporation annual Bulletin report (2010), Agip owns 15 oil wells in Ebocha, about 642,539 barrels of oil is produced and about 65% of associated gas is flared.

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Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Nigeria
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution
Potential: Fires, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Potential: Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Proposal and development of alternatives:Agip and the Nigerian Government must put and end to gas flaring in Ebocha and other Niger Delta Communities.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite complains from the community, Agip continues to flare gas in the area. Their operation has truncated the livelihoods of the local people, and diseases such as Asthma, Bronchitis, Cancer and other respiratory track diseases are wide spread in the area, and adjourning communities.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010.

Report Il Delta dei Veleni and Video doc Oil for Nothing - Re:Common (Italian and English)
[click to view]

Environmental Rights Action
[click to view]

[click to view]

Climate Law
[click to view]

Other comments:Oil is a mainstay of Nigerias economy, and the government acknowledges that the oil industry still flares 24 billion cubic meters of gas a year, enough to power a good portion of Africa for a whole year.
Despite its oil wealth, Nigeria itself suffers chronic energy shortages. The gas is often burned right next door to homes that dont have electricity, and while theres a local market for the natural gas vented during oil production, its less profitable than crude oil. Critics warn that not enough is being done to put out flares or save gas that could be harvested and used within the country.
Meta information
Contributor:Nnimmo Bassey
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:565
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