Gazoduq pipeline and Energie Saguenay terminal, Quebec, Canada

Opposition builds across Quebec to the proposed Gazoduq natural gas pipeline and gas refinery plant.


A new natural gas pipeline from Northern Ontario to Saguenay quebec is being proposed to transport fracked gas from Alberta to the east coast of Canada for export overseas. Communities and environmental groups along the pipeline route are mobilizing against these two projects based on concerns about ecological and marine impacts, climate impacts and in defense of Indigenous rights.

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Basic Data
NameGazoduq pipeline and Energie Saguenay terminal, Quebec, Canada
ProvinceOntario and Quebec
SiteBetween north-Eastern Ontario and Saguenay, Quebec
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Oil and gas refining
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Gazoduq Project consists of the construction and operation of a 750 km underground pipeline between northeastern Ontario and Saguenay, Quebec. The Project will supply natural gas from Western Canada to its primary customer Énergie Saguenay, the proposed natural gas liquefaction plant (Gazoduq, n.d.)

GNL Quebec has been developing the Énergie Saguenay Project since 2014, involving the construction of a natural gas liquefaction complex at Port Saguenay. The goal is to export 11 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas (LNG) per year, sourced from western Canada. The Project includes liquefaction equipment, storage facilities, and marine shipping infrastructures. The Project is worth an estimated US$7.2 billion and is slated to start operations in 2025 (Energie Saguenay, n.d.).

"GNL Quebec inc. is a Quebec company that was created in 2014 as a result of the desire of two US investment firms, Breyer Capital and Freestone International LLC, to position themselves in the global market for liquid natural gas" (Hassan, 2018).

From extraction to export, these two projects combined will generate around 7.8 million tonnes of greenhouse gases.
Project Area (in hectares)4,500,000
Level of Investment (in USD)4 500 000 000.00
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date11/2018
Company Names or State EnterprisesGazoduq from Canada - Proponent
GNL Québec (GNL) from Canada - GNL Quebec has been developing the Énergie Saguenay Project since 2014, involving the construction of a natural gas liquefaction complex at Port Saguenay.
Relevant government actorsQuebec Government

Ministry of Environment

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources

Premier of Quebec

Federal Government

Transport maritime

Federal Minister of Environment

Minister of Energy

Natural Resource Canada

National Energy Board

BAP (Bureau d'audiences publiques sur l'environnement)

Wendat de Quebec First Nation

Atikamekw First Nation

Cree First Nations

Anishnaabe First Nations

Malécites First Nation

Innu First Nations
International and Financial Institutions Breyer Capital - Invested in GNL's project
Freestone International - Invested in GNL's project
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCoule Pas Chez Nous

Coalition Fjord

SNAP Québec

Eau Secours

WWF Canada

Mouvement citoyen UNEplanète

Nature Québec


Centre québécois du droit en environnement (CQDE)

Fondation David Suzuki

Action Boréale

Green Peace

Action Boreal in Abitibi

Gazoduq Parlons-En

Collectif citoyen Littoralement innaceptable

Collectif du Bas Saguenay

Collectif de Sainte-Rose-du-Nord

Collectif du Lac

Collectif de la Batture

Collectif de l'Anse à Pelletier
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Political parties - Quebec Solidaire, PQ, Green Party (both fed and prov)
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Participating in consultation, Attending official meetings, Fundraising.
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherIncreased fracking impacts in Alberta

Impacts to Belugas in Fjord and River

Impact to bat habitat

17 endangered species would be impacted by projects
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other Health impacts
OtherImpacts to tradition medicine

Health impacts of natural gas (Cancer, etc)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Loss of livelihood
Potential: Displacement, Other socio-economic impacts
OtherLoss of ecotourism value, income.

Potential impact to farmers
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Strengthening of participation
Development of Alternatives

New networks of resistance are being created.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Most of the local governments have said yes to the project because of jobs.

Activists in small rural communities have been targeted and harrased by local people.

Resistance is growing, the project in under review and the outcome is still unknown.
Sources and Materials

(Gazoduq, n.d). Company website
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(Press Canadienne, 2018). Company-plans-to-build-natural-gas-pipeline-between-ontario-and-saguenay. Montreal Gazette
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(Greenpeace, 2019) Un mouvement se lève pour réclamer une évaluation globale du projet Gazoduq/Énergie Saguenay
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(Energie Saguenay, n.d) Project Summary. Project Website
[click to view]

(Hassan, 2018) Gazoduq : excitement for the liquid natural gas market. PolyFinances
[click to view]

(Dansereau, 2014) Projet de 7 G$ au Saguenay pour exporter du gaz naturel liquéfié. Les Affaires
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(Van dyk, 2019) Énergie Saguenay vows to be world's cleanest liquid natural gas plant. CBC
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Other Documents

Gazoduq route map Map sourced from:
[click to view]

Belugas The Énergie Saguenay project will include shipping liquified natural gas in tankers through St. Lawrence Estuary, home to an estimated 900 endangered beluga whales (Sourced from
[click to view]

Coalition Fjord sound the climate alarm Sourced from:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJen Gobby and Anouk Nadeau-Farley (Coule Pas Chez Nous) and Adrien Guibert-Barthez (Coalition Fjord)
Last update13/03/2019