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Gbaraun community and Agip, Nigeria


Gbaraun is an Ijaw community administratively situated in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area of Bayelsa State along the Pennington River.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Gbaraun community and Agip, Nigeria
State or province:Bayelsa State
Location of conflict:Gbaraun Community, Southern Ijaw Local Govt Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation National Bulletin 2010, Tebidaba oil field located in Gbaraun Community host 7 oil wells,produces 2,369,866 Barrels of oil,and 2,720,34300 mscf of gas.

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Type of populationRural
Affected Population:60000
Start of the conflict:23/10/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the earth Nigeria., Nigeria Media., Community Solidarity groups.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:Agip should Mobilize and Clean up the Spill.
Adequate compensation must be paid to affected community.
Government should look into the social and environmental needs of the people.
The Federal Government with relevant institutions should transit from oil regime by leaving oil in the soil, and consider other environmental friendly energy source.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The people have been denied of their rights to a safe environment favorable to their development. No clean up has been carried out by Agip, neither have they paid for damages.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

National Oil Spills Detection and Remediation Agency. (NOSDRA)

Joint Investigation Visit.

State Ministry of Environment

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010.

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[click to view]

Other documents

NNPC Annual Statistical Bulletin 2010
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Godwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
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