Gbaraun community and Agip, Nigeria


Gbaraun is an Ijaw community administratively situated in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area of Bayelsa State along the Pennington River.

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Basic Data
NameGbaraun community and Agip, Nigeria
ProvinceBayelsa State
SiteGbaraun Community, Southern Ijaw Local Govt Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific Commodities
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording to Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation National Bulletin 2010, Tebidaba oil field located in Gbaraun Community host 7 oil wells,produces 2,369,866 Barrels of oil,and 2,720,34300 mscf of gas.

Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population60000
Start Date23/10/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action/Friends of the earth Nigeria., Nigeria Media., Community Solidarity groups.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesAgip should Mobilize and Clean up the Spill.

Adequate compensation must be paid to affected community.

Government should look into the social and environmental needs of the people.

The Federal Government with relevant institutions should transit from oil regime by leaving oil in the soil, and consider other environmental friendly energy source.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The people have been denied of their rights to a safe environment favorable to their development. No clean up has been carried out by Agip, neither have they paid for damages.
Sources and Materials

National Oil Spills Detection and Remediation Agency. (NOSDRA)

Joint Investigation Visit.

State Ministry of Environment


Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010.

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.


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Other Documents

NNPC Annual Statistical Bulletin 2010
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Meta Information
ContributorGodwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014