Girye Ultra Mega Power Project, Maharashtra, India


To meet India’s power demand, the Government of India has planned to provide power for all by the end of the eleventh plan. This would entail a creation of an additional capacity of at least 100,000 MW. Ultra Mega Power projects (UMPP) are a series of ambitious power projects planned by the Government of India. The Ultra Mega Power projects, each with a capacity of 4000 megawatts or above, are being developed with an aim to bridge this gap. The UMPPs are seen as an expansion of the MPP (Mega Power Projects) projects that the Government of India undertook in the 90’s but met with limited success. The Ministry of Power in association with Central Electricity Authority and Power Finance Corporation Ltd. has launched an initiative for development of coal-based UMPPs in India. These projects will be awarded to developers on the basis of competitive bidding [1].

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Basic Data
NameGirye Ultra Mega Power Project, Maharashtra, India
SiteVillage- Girye; District -Sindhudurg
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Ultra Mega Power Projects would use Super Critical Technology with a view to achieve higher levels of fuel efficiency, which results in saving of fuel and lower green-house gas emissions. Flexibility in unit size is subject to adoption of specified minimum Supercritical parameters. Girye UMPP is a Coastal projects it will to use imported coal [5].

Power Finance Corporation of India (PFC) has set up separate Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs) for each of the 9 UMPPs identified so far to act as authorized representatives of the procurers (distribution companies of the power procuring States). These SPVs are 100% owned subsidiaries of the PFC. The names of the SPVs for Girye UMPP is Coastal Maharashtra Mega Power Limited.

This project has attracted the attention of 22 Indian and overseas power companies. The companies have submitted their expressions of interest to the Union Power Ministry. The total size of the project is Rs 15,000 crore and equity participation of the developers company would be to the tune of Rs 4,000 crore. Given the mammoth size of the project, power companies are likely to form consortium and jointly bid for the projects.

NTPC Ltd, Reliance Energy Ltd, Aditya Birla Power Company Ltd, Ashok Leyland Ltd and Videocon Industries Ltd are some of the Indian companies that have shown interest in the project. Energy Infrastructure Group of Sweden and Itochu Corporation of Japan are the international companies that have expressed interest. The State Government has earmarked about 3,500 acres for the project [6]
Project Area (in hectares)1,214
Level of Investment (in USD)2,412,000,000: Rs 15,000 crore
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population4000
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesReliance Power Ltd from India
Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group from India
Reliance Energy Ltd from India
Aditya Birla Power Company Ltd from India
National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) from India
Ashok Leyland Ltd from India
Videocon Industries Ltd from India
Energy Infrastructure Group (EIG) from Sweden
Itochu Corporation from Japan
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, Ministry of Power, Central Electricity Authority, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, National Remote Sensing Agency
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersIndian National Congress Party, Shiv Sena Political Party, Local Villagers, Alphonso mango growers in the region.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationPublic campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesGovernment sources admit that these farmers have spurned the government’s relief and rehabilitation offers as they feel that no new site would be suited for alphonso farming. After two decades, Indian mangoes, especially the mouthwatering alphonsos, have found their way into the lucrative US market and farmers believe that uprooting them from the conventional farming areas would let go India’s advantage in new found global mango bazaar. Many Indian business conglomerates, including Reliance Industries, Bharti, and ITC, have also chosen to cash in on the boom and are investing heavily in mango farming [2]
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Due to local agitation, requisite clearances for the land are not available. Hence bidding process for the construction of plant had not been initiated. Ministry of Power has taken up the matter with the State Government for suggesting an alternate/additional site. Final position from the State Government is awaited.

The Maharashtra government has proposed another site for the proposed project in Malwan taluka in Sindhudurg district of the state. Central Electricity Authority (CEA) official informed that the Maharashtra government had not provided details about the feasibility for the development of a port at the new site. However, the new site is as per the directives of the ministry of environment in the Maharashtra government, no chemical or hazardous industry is permitted and has been declared as tourist district. [1]. There has been no official communication from the Maharashtra government about a new site or abandoning of the originally proposed site [2]
Sources and Materials

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Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013
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[1] Ultra Mega Power Projects : Additional Re structural capacity to Existing Indian Grid System by Vikas Pandey, Prabhakar Tiwari, N.K.Sharma, A.N.Tiwari, M.K.Singh
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[2] Mango farmers refuse to give up land
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[3] State to suggest alternative site for Girye mega power project
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[4] Maharashtra yet to take a call on Girye ultra-mega power project
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[6] 22 cos line up for Girye ultra mega power project
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Alphonso growers push ultra mega power project out of Girye
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Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP)
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PFC Moving Ahead for Ultra Mega Girye Power Plant
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Girye Ultra Mega Power project @ Sindhudurg gets EOI from 22 bidders

Girye Ultra Mega Power Project

mega project.pdf
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Media Links

India Insight: Why ultra-mega power projects have been a gross failure
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ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update09/10/2014