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GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited Thermal Plant, India


GMR limited has set up 1050 MW thermal power plant at Kamalganga in Dhenkanal District of Orissa. The project involves setting up of 3X350 MW coal based thermal power plant.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited Thermal Plant, India
State or province:Orissa
Location of conflict:Kamalanga, District-Dhenkanal
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The plant is expected to generate 1400 MW.

Project area:425
Level of Investment:0
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:5000-6000
Company names or state enterprises:GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited from India - a subsidiary of GMR Energy
Electric Power Construction Corporation (SEPCO) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Orissa
International and Finance InstitutionsCorporación financiera Internacional (CFI)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Odisha Chas Parivesh Surekhsa Parishad (Odisha Agriculture and Environment Protection Council), Delhi Forum (DF)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Odisha Chas Parivesh Surekhsa Parishad
Delhi Forum
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Development of alternatives:The fundamental information about the GMR Kamalanga Energy Ltd. (GKEL) in Odisha, financed by IFC via IIF, should be immediately made public, including impact assessments, and any
action plans to ensure compliance with standards, among others.
IFC should apply the same sets of transparency, social, and environmental requirements to FI subprojects as applied to direct investment projects.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Administration did not listen to the grievances of villagers. The local police along with the contractors of GKEL filed a case against villagers.
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[click to view]

Negotiating Power Study of Socio-Economic Impacts of GKEL in Dhenkanal
[click to view]

International Finance Corporation
[click to view]

GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited- Thermal Power Project
[click to view]

Environmental Assessment of Industrial Clusters
[click to view]

assessment of industrial Clusters
[click to view]

GMR Kamalanga Energy Ltd. (GKEL)
[click to view]

ALEC at 40: Turning Back the Clock on Prosperity and Progress
[click to view]

Indian NGO faults IFC energy project
[click to view]

Complaint letter to Vice President Meg Taylor

Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman

CRITERIA FOR Comprehensive Environmental Assessment

Comprehensive environmental

World Bank Group’s Ombudsman Accepts Complaint Against GMR Project in Odisha

Industrial Clusters
[click to view]

World Bank funds a polluting coal-power plant run by GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited (GKEL) in Odisha
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014
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