GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited Thermal Plant, India


GMR limited has set up 1050 MW thermal power plant at Kamalganga in Dhenkanal District of Orissa. The project involves setting up of 3X350 MW coal based thermal power plant.

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Basic Data
NameGMR Kamalanga Energy Limited Thermal Plant, India
SiteKamalanga, District-Dhenkanal
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe plant is expected to generate 1400 MW.
Project Area (in hectares)425
Level of Investment (in USD)0
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population5000-6000
Company Names or State EnterprisesGMR Kamalanga Energy Limited from India - a subsidiary of GMR Energy
Electric Power Construction Corporation (SEPCO) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Orissa
International and Financial InstitutionsCorporación financiera Internacional (CFI)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersOdisha Chas Parivesh Surekhsa Parishad (Odisha Agriculture and Environment Protection Council), Delhi Forum (DF)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Odisha Chas Parivesh Surekhsa Parishad
Delhi Forum
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesThe fundamental information about the GMR Kamalanga Energy Ltd. (GKEL) in Odisha, financed by IFC via IIF, should be immediately made public, including impact assessments, and any

action plans to ensure compliance with standards, among others.

IFC should apply the same sets of transparency, social, and environmental requirements to FI subprojects as applied to direct investment projects.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Administration did not listen to the grievances of villagers. The local police along with the contractors of GKEL filed a case against villagers.
Sources and Materials

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Negotiating Power Study of Socio-Economic Impacts of GKEL in Dhenkanal
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International Finance Corporation
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GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited- Thermal Power Project
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Environmental Assessment of Industrial Clusters
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Industrial Clusters
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assessment of industrial Clusters
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GMR Kamalanga Energy Ltd. (GKEL)
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ALEC at 40: Turning Back the Clock on Prosperity and Progress
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Indian NGO faults IFC energy project
[click to view]

World Bank funds a polluting coal-power plant run by GMR Kamalanga Energy Limited (GKEL) in Odisha
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Complaint letter to Vice President Meg Taylor

Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman

CRITERIA FOR Comprehensive Environmental Assessment

Comprehensive environmental

World Bank Group’s Ombudsman Accepts Complaint Against GMR Project in Odisha

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014