(en français ci-dessous) The Essakane gold mine, owned by Canadian mining company ‘IAMGOLD’ is the largest of Burkina Faso’s mining operations. Located in the north of Burkina Faso on the Niger and Mali borders, the mine covers a territory of 100 square kilometers. At the time of its installation in 2009, the Essakane mine displaced 5 villages that had been engaged in livestock rearing, farming, and artisanal gold mining on the site. More than 16,000 people were displaced at Essakane over the course of the 3-year’s installation and expansion of IAMGOLD’s mining activities. The displacement process engaged primarily the male heads of household to explain verbally to this primarily illiterate population the process and procure their signatures (or finger prints in the case of illiteracy) for the displacement. According to the Ministry of Mines, 2,967 parcels were arranged with 2,090 new cement buildings (as opposed to the mud brick former habitations) constructed in the mine’s relocation areas. Those displaced were reported by the Ministry to have received 192,000 FCFA ($326) per hectare per year for five years as well as job training, school scholarships, and other alternative economic development projects. Supported by the mining company, women who had once been involved in artisanal mining now plant vegetable gardens and sell their produce to the mine (mostly because they do not incorporate these vegetables into their diets). The population was swift to accept what some perceived to be generous conditions for their movement, a fact that has prompted the Burkinabe government to cite Essakane as an example of social responsibility.