En français ci-dessous ---------------------------- To set up on the banks of the Ulindi River and secure its access, the Kun Hou Mining company paid thousands of dollars to factions of the armed rebel group Raia Mutomboki and also provided them with AK-47 assault rifles. The Shabunda Basic Forest Conservation Organization denounced from the beginning of 2014 this collusion between the company and the rebels. In September, the company installed four semi-industrial dredges and smuggled most of its production abroad. Thus, the people of Shabunda do not benefit from the gold mining production and they still lack basic infrastructure. They have no access to electricity or running water and suffer terrible living conditions. In 2014, Shabunda Hospital reported 535 cases of malnutrition. The rebel groups, backed by Kun Hou Mining, terrorize the population and the artisanal miners, steal their belongings, utter threats and physical violence. At least 50 artisanal dredgers operate on the territory controlled by the rebel group who requires 10,000 CFA francs per dredge per week, in addition to 350,000 CFA francs monthly. The 2016 Global Witness report has received some resonance in the international press. The London-based NGO denounces the illegality of Kun Hou Mining's presence and their funding of the rebel group. This situation was investigated and denounced a year before by the NGOs network of the Great Lakes Region: the Great Lakes Civil Society Coalition Against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources (COSOC-GL). At the time of its investigation in the field, this network reports that the Congolese official army, the FARDC, would do nothing to change the situation, but on the contrary it collaborates with the rebels and it illegally taxes the artisanal mining activity. COSOC-GL adds that the FARDC has since ceased this practice. The artisanal miners come mainly from the Orientale Province. The local population works in the trade of equipment and in places of restoration for the miners. The gold activity in Shabunda territory have many environmental consequences that are ignored by Kun Hou Mining, the artisanal miners and the local authorities. Each drag uses at least two kilograms of mercury a week. This massive use of mercury is worrying for the COSOC-GL network which advocates that for the terrestrial and aquatic environment to be better protected the mining sector should be better governed. In March and June 2015, Prime Minister Matata Ponyo summoned the governor of South Kivu Province to stop all dredging activities on the river given the high levels of radioactivity. Despite a provincial decree, the situation did not change on the ground. And in August 2015, when an activist reported this situation in a local radio, he was arrested by the Congolese army. Again in October 2015, the national minister Martin Kabwelulu ordered provincial authorities to confiscate Kun Hou Mining's dredges. Not only did the governor of South Kivu, Marcelin Cishambo ignored this directive but in addition he required the Chinese company to pay him an advance of 90,000 US dollars to continue its activities in 2016. In March 2016, Global Witness reported that at least two Chinese dredges were still operating. The National Federation of Craftsmen's Diamond, Gold and Other Minerals Committees (FENACED) reports the too many taxes collected from artisanal miners and also denounces the irregularities or even the illegality of some of them. According to the Congolese law, the state agency SAESSCAM is supposed to tax the artisanal miners working on the zones officially designated as Artisanal Zones of Exploitation (AZE). The Shabunda territory was recognized as an AZE in December 2015. Even before that date, SAESSCAM agents were present in Shabunda and taxed up to 10% of the production of artisanal miners, even in controlled areas by Raia Mutomboki. According to estimates by the COSOC-GL network, taxes levied illegally by SAESSCAM amounted to $ 1.3 million per month. In September 2017, Kun Hou Mining was still present in Shabunda, without any changes in the way it is operating or being controlled.