Golf Park Dubrovnik, Croatia

The opposition to the proposed luxury golf course resort on the hill of Srđ overlooking the UNESCO town Dubrovnik resulted in the Citizens’ Initiative "Srđ is Ours" that became symbol of the resistance to mismanagement in spatial policy.


The Golf Park Dubrovnik is a one billion-plus euro real-estate international project, which was revealed in 2006.

See more...
Basic Data
NameGolf Park Dubrovnik, Croatia
ProvinceDubrovnik-Neretva County
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIt is assumed by project opponents that the project will turn one third of Dubrovnik public space into a private development. The plan is to build 240 villas, 400 apartments and 2 hotels.
Project Area (in hectares)310
Level of Investment (in USD)1,353,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population40,000
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesIsraeli businessman Aaron Frenkel from Israel - Investor
Australian golfing legend Greg Norman from Australia - Investor
Loyds investment corporation from United Kingdom - Investor
Razvoj Golf doo from Croatia - Holds a location permit for the development of the Golf Park Dubrovnik project
Relevant government actorsThe Government of the Republic of Croatia; The City of Dubrovnik; The Dubrovnik-Neretva County; The Ministry of Environment and Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGreen Action; Local citizen initiative ‘Srđ je naš’; Croatian Architects Association (UHA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
International artists
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesThe opponents required deletion of the golf resort from the country spatial plan and cancellation of the project. They organised referendum in April 2013 to assess the citizens' position on the project.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The referendum failed due to the low turnout. Currently, the investor is in a process of obtaining necessary building permits and the beginning of the construction is planned for September 2016.
Sources and Materials

Zakon o izmjenama i dopunama Zakona o šumama
[click to view]


Seeing red over green light for golf in Croatia
[click to view]

Još nema gradnje golf terena na Srđu
[click to view]

KLGB SRĐ JE GRAD ‘Golferima dozvola za infrastrukturu koja ne postoji u planovima’
[click to view]

Kako se u Hrvatskoj (ne)gospodari šumama
[click to view]

Croatia: controversial golf course
[click to view]

Croatia's vote fails to derail golf complex that could change the face of Dubrovnik
[click to view]

'Srđ nikad neće biti nacionalni park, na njemu će netko zaraditi'
[click to view]

‘Srđ je naš’, a Golf Park Dubrovnik ima potpuno novi web
[click to view]

'Srđ je naš': 10.000 glasova je dovoljno da se golf odbaci
[click to view]

Naš Srđ uskoro će postati njihov
[click to view]

Dubrovački arhitekti protiv izgradnje na Srđu
[click to view]

Documentary "A Dangerous Game" exposes the evil Donald Trump
[click to view]

Doznajemo što nam je vlast željela sakriti: Vlada se obvezala golferima na Srđu izgraditi infrastrukturu i dati zemlju u koncesiju!
[click to view]

Sud poništio prostorni plan koji je omogućio golf na Srđu
[click to view]

NAJKONTROVERZNIJI PROJEKT U HRVATSKOJ Srđ je naš: 'Ništa od golfa!'; Vlahušić: 'Samo neka se počne graditi!'
[click to view]

Razvoj golf dobio lokacijsku dozvolu za Srđ
[click to view]

Dark Side of the Greens - a BBC 4 documentary
[click to view]

Golf and property development – time for a divorce
[click to view]

Ivan Kusalić: Sad je na potezu Grad Dubrovnik
[click to view]

Razvoj golf got the first building permit
[click to view]

Media Links

DuTV - 23.04.2013. Sučeljavanje: Capor i Kusalić (Golf Park Dubrovnik)
[click to view]

[click to view]

A dangerous game (movie)
[click to view]

Other Documents

The plateau of Srđ The view from the top of the plateau of Srđ over the walled port of city of Dubrovnik (UNESCO World Heritage site since 1979) and the most famous Croatian touristic destination
[click to view]

Collecting signs for referendum The referendum in on the The Golf Park Dubrovnik project was held on the citizents initiative "Srđ is ours" demand.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update29/04/2016