Gorai-Manori-Uttan Recreation and Tourism Development Zone (RTDZ) in Mumbai, MH, India


In its Regional Plan during 1996-2011 government of Maharastra planned to develop Manori-Gorai-Uttan area (MGU) of Mumbai as Recreation and Tourism Development Zone (RTDZ). Following this, the Government of Maharashtra vide Notification dated 24th August, 2004, appointed MMRDA as “Special Planning Authority” [4] for this purpose.

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Basic Data
NameGorai-Manori-Uttan Recreation and Tourism Development Zone (RTDZ) in Mumbai, MH, India
SiteAt-Manori, Gorai, Uttan; Mumbai
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe total area of the region is about 43.13 sq. km. It includes 8 villages, of which Manori and Gorai has an area of about 19.52 sq. km. The area falls under the administrative jurisdiction of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). The other areas of about 23.61 sq. km. fall under the jurisdiction of Mira Bhayander Municipal Corporation (MBMC) [1, 4].
Project Area (in hectares)4,319
Level of Investment (in USD)166,370,688 (INR 1,000 Crore)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population45,000-50,000
Start Date24/08/2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesMumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (MMRCL) from India
Relevant government actorsMunicipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai, Mira-Bhayander Municipal Corporation, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation, Maharashtra Coastal Zone Management Authority, Government of Maharashtra, M/s. EPC Management Planning and Development Private Limited, Ahmedabad (Consultant)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersDharavi Beth Bachao Samiti, The Urban Design Research Institute (UDRI)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesVillagers wants minimum developments like concrete roads, infrastructure etc in the area.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act, 1966
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[1] Gorai-Manori-Uttan Recreation and Tourism Development Zone (RTDZ)
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[2] Gorai villagers to take on government over tourism zone plan
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[3] Growing opposition to SEZ in Gorai-Manori-Uttan
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[4] Gorai-Manori-Uttan Notified Area
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[5] Plan to convert coastal areas into tourism zone draws flak
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Govt approves plan to develop Manori-Gorai-Uttan belt for tourism
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Manori - Gorai - Uttan plan by MMRDA
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Rs 1,000crore to turn Gorai into a tourist's paradise
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Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update25/07/2014