Gripen Gas, Öland, Sweden


On July 2nd 2011, Swedish gas exploration company Gripen Gas were given permission by Swedish governmental agency Bergsstaten to conduct shale gas prospecting on five different locations on the island Öland in Sweden (1) on a total area of 18,600 ha; which is one seventh of the total area of Öland.

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Basic Data
NameGripen Gas, Öland, Sweden
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Shale gas fracking
Specific Commodities
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsNo details, project is in prospecting phase.

Project Area (in hectares)18,600
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesGripen Gas from Sweden
Relevant government actorsBergsstaten
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAktionsgruppen Mot Fossilgasutvinning på Öland AMFÖ,, Naturskyddsföreningen,, Lantbukarnas Riksförbund (LRF) (The Federation of Swedish Farmers),, Borgholm kommun (Borgholm municipality, Öland),, Mörbylånga kommun (Mörbylånga municipality,, Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar Län (Kalmar County Administrative Board),, Ölands Vattenråd (Öland Water Council),
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Development of AlternativesThat there should be no drilling for gas on Öland.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The company Gripen Gas has the permission by Bergsstaten to test drill for gas on Öland. This despite appeal from Borgholm municipality that owns land in the area where the drilling is to take place. The appeal from Borgholm municipality was refused by the administrative law court in Falun, Sweden and the appeals from others (Mörbylånga municipality among other) were rejected by the court. (2)

Since the conflict is still ongoing it is too early to say whether or not this is an environmental justice success.
Sources and Materials

The Swedish Mineral Law (1991:45)
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(1)Gripen Gas, Gas Projects,
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(2)Gripen Gas får tillstånd, Ölandsbladet,
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Har Gripen Gas andra avsikter?, Ölandsbladet,
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Öländsk gasborrningsprotest, Ölandsbladet,
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Manifestation mot gasborrningar, Ölandsbladet,
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Gripen Gas ska stoppas, Ölandsbladet,
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Gripen Gas – En fasa för milön!, Barometern, (3898550).gm
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Provborrning av gas överklagas, Barometern, (2894897).gm
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Ölands Vattenråd säger nej till gasborrning, Ölandsbladet,
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Media Links

Fracking på Öland,
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Meta Information
ContributorLinda Dubec
Last update24/06/2014