Last update:
2014-06-24

Gripen Gas, Öland, Sweden

Description:

On July 2nd 2011, Swedish gas exploration company Gripen Gas were given permission by Swedish governmental agency Bergsstaten to conduct shale gas prospecting on five different locations on the island Öland in Sweden (1) on a total area of 18,600 ha; which is one seventh of the total area of Öland.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Gripen Gas, Öland, Sweden
Country:Sweden
State or province:Öland
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Shale gas fracking
Specific commodities:
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

No details, project is in prospecting phase.

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Project area:18,600
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Gripen Gas from Sweden
Relevant government actors:Bergsstaten
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Aktionsgruppen Mot Fossilgasutvinning på Öland AMFÖ, http://amfo.se/, Naturskyddsföreningen, http://www2.naturskyddsforeningen.se/kretsar-lan/Kalmar/oland, Lantbukarnas Riksförbund (LRF) (The Federation of Swedish Farmers), http://www.lrf.se/, Borgholm kommun (Borgholm municipality, Öland), http://www.borgholm.se/, Mörbylånga kommun (Mörbylånga municipality, http://www.morbylanga.se/, Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar Län (Kalmar County Administrative Board), http://www.lansstyrelsen.se/kalmar/En/Pages/default.aspx, Ölands Vattenråd (Öland Water Council), http://www.vattenorganisationer.se/oland/
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Development of alternatives:That there should be no drilling for gas on Öland.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The company Gripen Gas has the permission by Bergsstaten to test drill for gas on Öland. This despite appeal from Borgholm municipality that owns land in the area where the drilling is to take place. The appeal from Borgholm municipality was refused by the administrative law court in Falun, Sweden and the appeals from others (Mörbylånga municipality among other) were rejected by the court. (2)

Since the conflict is still ongoing it is too early to say whether or not this is an environmental justice success.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The Swedish Mineral Law (1991:45)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

(1)Gripen Gas, Gas Projects,
[click to view]

Har Gripen Gas andra avsikter?, Ölandsbladet,
[click to view]

Öländsk gasborrningsprotest, Ölandsbladet,
[click to view]

Gripen Gas ska stoppas, Ölandsbladet,
[click to view]

Gripen Gas – En fasa för milön!, Barometern, (3898550).gm
[click to view]

Provborrning av gas överklagas, Barometern, (2894897).gm
[click to view]

Ölands Vattenråd säger nej till gasborrning, Ölandsbladet,
[click to view]

(2)Gripen Gas får tillstånd, Ölandsbladet,
[click to view]

Manifestation mot gasborrningar, Ölandsbladet,
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Fracking på Öland,
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Linda Dubec
Last update24/06/2014
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