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Hanyang Guodingshan Incinerator in Wuhan, China

Residents complained about the location and harmful gases, which can lead to secondary pollution; they are also concerned about the air and water pollution


In 2004, the project was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission, the National and City Planning Commissions. Afterwards, the EIA, FS and other preparation works before construction were conducted. It was build between 2006 and 2009 with investment of 0.5 billion RMB for two phases. it's planned to deal with the domestic waste 1,500 tons totally per day.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Hanyang Guodingshan Incinerator in Wuhan, China
State or province:Hubei Province
Location of conflict:Wuhan
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Incinerators
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project was designed to deal with the domestic waste for 1,500 tons per day. And it is also estimated to generate electricity for 2,200,000 Mwh and realize the revenue of 143,720,000 RMB.

Project area:12 hectares
Level of Investment for the conflictive projectabout 81,960,000
Type of populationRural
Relevant government actors:Wuhan Congressional delegates members
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:ENGO from Beijing
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Forms of mobilization:Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Air pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactscancer cases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsmigration, resettlement to other places
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Proposal and development of alternatives:It was proposed to move away the incinerator and ensure compensation to the victims
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Hu, H., Li, X., Nguyen, A. D., & Kavan, P. (2015). A Critical Evaluation of Waste Incineration Plants in Wuhan (China) Based on Site Selection, Environmental Influence, Public Health and Public Participation. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(7), 7593-7614.
[click to view]

ENFI - Waste Incineration
[click to view] 13 Dec 2013 - 8 deaths linked to garbage plants
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Joanna, L
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1943
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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