Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant, Bathinda, Punjab, India


Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant is situated in Bathinda (Punjab) on Bathinda-Malout Road. The foundation stone of the thermal power plant, comprising of four units of 110 MW each was laid on 19th November, 1969, the quincentenary year of the birth of the great Guru Nanak Dev Ji from whom it gets its present name [1]. The thermal plant set up 45 years ago is to be dismantled as it has outlived its utility. All the four units of the power plant had outlived their designed life. Various equipment, including the boilers and turbines are in deteriorating condition. This obsolete equipment are restricting power generation to about 95 MW against the installed capacity of 110 MW. A INR 400 crore proposal for renovating the project had been approved to extend the plant's life by another 20 years [3].

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Basic Data
NameGuru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant, Bathinda, Punjab, India
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Industrial waste
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe historic town of Bathinda was selected for this first and prestigious thermal power project of the state due to its good railway connections for fast transportation of coal, availability of canal water and proximity of load center. This project was completed in two phases at a total cost of about Rs 115 crore. The first unit was commissioned in September, 1974 and the others were subsequently commissioned in September, 1975, March, 1978 and last one in January, 1979. The commissioning of these units not only helped bridge the gap between supply and demand in Punjab but also solved the chronic problem of low voltage prevailing in the Malwa region. It is matter of pride that this plant is working successfully since its commissioning.

This plant has won many National Awards like Meritorious Productivity Awards from Govt. of India. GNDTP, Bathinda has also been accredited with ISO: 9001:2008.

Unit-1or 2 of GNDTP, Bathinda, when operated at full capacity is capable of generating 26.4 lac units of electricity in a day and unit-3 is capable to generate 28.80 lac units in a day. The coal consumption is about 1700 to 1800 MT per unit depending upon the quality of coal. The total daily coal requirement is about 7000 M.T. (about two rakes of 58 wagons each) when all the four units are in operation. The coal supplies are being received from Jharkhand which is more than 1500 KMs from this Power Station. Fly ash generated is being used by M/s Ambuja Cement factory and other different industries.

As these units have completed more than their designed life span of 25 years, the Renovation & Modernisation is being done in the phased manner with the following objectives:

To restore original rated capacity of the units. (Uprating of capacity from 110MW to 120 MW for units 3 & 4)

To improve plant availability/load factor.

To extend the life of the units by 15 to 20 years.

To enhance operational efficiency and safety

To remove ash pollution and to meet up environmental standards of Pollution Control Board

Energy Conservation †œR&M of Units-1, 2 & 3 has been completed and these units are running at nearly full capacity. After R&M, Commercial Operational Declaration of Unit-3 was made on 07.12.2012. Its capacity has been up-rated from 110 MW to 120 MW. Now. Capacity of this plant is 450 MW against 440 MW. Unit-4 is under R&M since 05-11-2011 [1]
Level of Investment (in USD)$64,574,733 (400 Crores for renovation)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population285810
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesPunjab State Power Corporation from India
Relevant government actorsPunjab Pollution Control Board
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersJoint Action Committee (JAC), Bhatinda, Sangharsh Committee
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution
Potential: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Specific impacts on women
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesOn August 22, 2011, Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Singh Badal announced plans to shut down the Bathinda power plant. Despite some renovations, the plant will be completely dismantled. Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee President Capt Amarinder Singh has publicly stated his opposition to the Bathinda plant closure. He states that the state of Punjab is already experiencing a shortage of electricity, and to close another plant will create an even larger shortage. He wants the Bathinda plant to make the necessary restorations and reopen.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.A Punjab State Power Corporation Limited (PSPCL) official said that all four units have outlived their life

Townsmen had approached the High Court and the Human Rights Commission against the pollution being caused by the plant

The plant has been running without electrostatic precipitators that arrest the flow of ash from the chimneys

The plant burns 6,500 tonnes of coal every day, generating a high quantity of ash

It has resulted in rise in eye and respiratory ailments [3]

The Punjab State Power Corporation Limited (PSPCL) top brass has categorically stated that so far it has received no proposal from the state government on closing the 440 MW Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant (GNDTP) in Bathinda [6].
Sources and Materials

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Indian Energy Conservation Act
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Power Plant Performance Reporting and Improvement
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[3] Ash-spewing Bathinda thermal plant to be shut down
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[4] Bathinda residents want thermal plant closed
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[5] GNDTP Bathinda power station
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Bathinda thermal plant succeeds in lowering pollution
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[6] No proposal from government to close Bathinda plant, says power corp chief
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Bathinda thermal power plant engineers protest punitive action
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Media Links

Thermal Power Plants of Bathinda
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Bathinda thermal plant vomiting smoke harming people
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Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014