Hainan residents against construction of coal-fired power plant, China

Hainan residents protest against a 300 million dollar coal-fired power plant since 2011 and are violently repressed.


The 300 million USD Yinggehai coal-fired power plant project was initially proposed in 2007. It received approval from the Chinese National Resources Bureau in Beijing in November 2011.

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Basic Data
NameHainan residents against construction of coal-fired power plant, China
ProvinceHainan province
SiteYinggehai, Foluo and Huangliu
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Coal extraction and processing
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe 300 million USD Yinggehai coal-fired power plant project was initially proposed in 2007. It received approval from the Chinese National Resources Bureau in Beijing in November 2011. As the world's largest producer and consumer of coal, the People's Republic of China relies for 70-80% of its energy supply on coal.
Project Area (in hectares)N/A
Level of Investment (in USD)300,000,000 USD
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population10,000 – 30,000
Start Date01/11/2011
End Date01/12/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesChina Power Investment Corporation (CPI) from China
Relevant government actorsNational Resources Bureau
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersInformation Center for Human Rights & Democracy (Hong-Kong based): http://www.hkhkhk.com/english/indexen.html
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Informal workers
Local ejos
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Many protesters have been detained and injured during the clashes with the riot police. Finally, in December 2012, Yinggehai residents and officials confirmed that construction work on the coal-fired power plant had already begun. Neither the government nor the state-owned company responded to the protests.
Sources and Materials

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Country Analysis CHINA, Last updated: 4 February 2014,
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Protesters Beaten, Teargassed, by Fung Yat-yiu, Radio Free Asia, 13 April 2012,
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Chinese environmental activist goes on trial over books, by Tania Branigan, The Guardian, 11 October 2012,
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Thousands Surround Government Building, by Qiao Long, Radio Free Asia, 17 April 2014,
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Yinggehai Coal Power Plant Brings Chinese Villagers Clashes With Police Over Pollution, by Louise Watt, AP, The World Post, 22 October 2012,
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Chinese protesters clash with police over power plant, AP in Beijing, The Guardian, 22 October 2012,
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Power Plant Activist Freed, by Qiao Long, Radio Free Asia, 6 December 2012,
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Thousands Protest Power Plant, by Xin Yu, Radio Free Asia, 12 March 2012,
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Media Links

NTDTelevision (2012), Thousands Protest Coal-Plant Project in Hainan, China, 13 March 2012,
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Meta Information
Last update05/09/2015