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Hanhikivi Nuclear Power Plant, Pyhäjoki, Finland

The Russian-built 1,200 MX project has suffered long delays. It threatens wildlife, it is politically divisive in Finland, and it is very expensive.


The peninsula of Hanhikivi is an important nesting area for numerous endangered species of birds, and its flora consists to a large extent of endangered and close to extinct plant species (1). Different parts of Hanhikivi are protected through different conservation agreements, two of them being FINIBA (Finland Important Bird Area) and Natura 2000. On this peninsula, the company Fennovoima wants to build a nuclear power plant, thus making this protected nature area an industrial one.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Hanhikivi Nuclear Power Plant, Pyhäjoki, Finland
State or province:Oulu
Location of conflict:Pyhäjoki
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The planned capacity of the power plant is 1,200 MWe and its planned operation start is year 2020. (12)

Level of Investment:8,000,000,000
Type of populationUnknown
Affected Population:3,400-200,000
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:Fennovoima from Finland - Fennovoima is owned by a conglomerate of companies, for a complete list see Reference 12
Voimaosakeyhtiö SF from Finland
Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom) from Russian Federation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Pro Hanhikivi,, Case Pyhäjoki,, Kärnkraftsfritt Bottenviken,, Greenpeace,
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Other Environmental impactsThe complex uncertain and potential risks of nuclear power plants.
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Despite years of resistance from different EJOs and concerned citizens, the project plans are still developing with no sign of being stopped. However, it is too early to say what the outcome will be.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

FINIBA (Finland Imporant Bird Areas)
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Natura 2000
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

CONSTRUCTION DELAYED, WISE, No. 754, August 31 2012
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(8) Case Pyhäjoki
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(2) Nordic and Russian activists covered the City hall of Vantaa with tarpaulin: Do not invest in nuclear power
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(12) Fennovoima proceeding towards signing the plant supply contract,
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(6) Greenfield site for a nuclear power plant
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(1) Hanhikivi
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(7) Greenpeace demands canceling the approval for Pyhäjoki nuclear power plant
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(9) Pro Hanhikivi
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(10) 100% Förnybart! Nej till Kärnkraft i Pyhäjoki
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(4) Greenpeace starts campaigning against E.ON nuclear project in Northern Finland
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(3) Pyhäjoki

(11) Oro för radioaktiva utsläpp, SvD, 2013-10-23
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[13]January 2, 2019 by Charles Digges.Russian-built reactor in Finland again delayed. The start-up date of a Russian-built Hanhikivi nuclear power plant in Finland has again been delayed over safety concerns, marking another embarrassing set back for nuclear energy in Europe as a whole.
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Meta information
Contributor:Linda Dubec
Last update13/02/2020
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