Harvard timber plantations, Argentina


Harvard University invests large sums of its $32.7 billion endowment in natural resources, including timber plantations, in the developing world. This includes Empresas Verdes Argentinas Sociedad Anonima (EVASA) and Las Misiones, two timber companies that are jointly worth $55.2 million and own 87,884 hectares with pine and eucalyptus plantations in the Iberá Wetlands of northern Argentina.

Basic Data
NameHarvard timber plantations, Argentina
SiteTowns of San Miguel, Montaña, Santa Barbara, Chavarría,Tacuaritas, and Concepcion
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesCellulose

Project Details and Actors
Project Details,880 ha of timber plantations (both pine and Eucaliptus)
Project Area (in hectares)80000
Level of Investment (in USD)55,2 million
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population: Thousands of people
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesHarvard University
Relevant government actorsProvincial Government of Corrientes
International and Financial InstitutionsForest Stewardship Council (FSC)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGuardianes del Iberá
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Forms of MobilizationOfficial complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCommunity members have raised a series of demands to Harvard's responsible investment section
Development of AlternativesLimit plantations to non-populated areas of little conservation value; Mitigate community damage and health hazards by paving the main road in Chavarría; Improve fire protection services; old public and twice-annual sustainability audit meetings, Ensure w
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials

Harvard in Iberá: Investigating Harvard University's Timber Plantations in the Iberá Wetlands of Argentina
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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorTeresa Perez
Last update17/04/2018