Heyuan coal-fired power plant (Phase II), Guangdong, China

April 2014, residents staged sit-ins, organized marches after collecting tens of thousands of signatures to protest the expansion of Heyuan CFPP and the expected increase in pollution.


Heyuan is a prefecture-level city of Guangdong province located in the north-east region of Guangdong, upper reach of Dong River at its confluence with the Xingeng River. It borders Huizhou to the south, Ganzhou (Jiangxi) to the north, Meizhou to the east and Shaoguan to the west. Heyuan is a regional hub that connects the coastal areas of Guangdong and the interior countryside. The majority of the people are Hakka. It is rich in natural resources and fertile land. Many mineral deposits such as iron ore, tungsten, tin, and fluorite are found in Heyuan. It includes many rainforests and the largest lake in Guangdong: Xinfengjiang Reservoir, a major source of the Dongxiang’s water supply to Hong Kong. The literal meaning of the city's name is "origin of the river". It has recently been officially titled as the "Hometown of the Dinosaur in China", due to the thousands of dinosaur egg fossils that have been unearthed in its vicinity.[1]

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Basic Data
NameHeyuan coal-fired power plant (Phase II), Guangdong, China
SitePuqian Town, Yuancheng District, Heyuan Prefecture
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsProject Details for Units 3-4

Sponsor: Shenzhen Energy Hopewell Power(Heyuan) Co.,Ltd

Parent company: Shenzheng Energy Group (60%), Hopewell Holdings (Hong Kong) (40%)

Location: Puqian, Yuancheng District, Heyuan Prefecture, Guangdong Province, China

Coordinates: 23.567222, 114.640278 (exact)

Status: Permitted (despite suspension in Jan 2017)

Gross capacity: 2,000 MW (Units 3 & 4: 1,000 MW)

Type: Ultra-supercritical

Projected in service: 2022

Construction is planned for 2018-2022.
Project Area (in hectares)25
Level of Investment (in USD)1,500,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population100,000-400,000
Start Date03/2015
End Date04/2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesHopewell Holdings Limited from Hong Kong SAR, China - 40% investment
Shenzhen Energy Group Co., Ltd. (Shenzhen Energy) from China - 60% investment
Shenzhen Energy Hopewell Power(Heyuan) Co.,Ltd from China - construction, production, operation and asset management of Heyuan Power Plant Phase I
Shenzhen Energy Group Heyuan Power Plant Phase II Preparation Office from China - construction, production and assets management of Heyuan Power Plant Phase II Project
Relevant government actorsCCPPC.

China's National Energy Administration.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Children and elderly
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Demonstrations, sit-in
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Otheracid rains
Health ImpactsPotential: Other Health impacts
Otherhealth impacts related to lung diseases and cancers
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
OtherPeople from Heyuan feel that they are losing the beautiful environment which they were proud of in the past.
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseRepression
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Although the project was suspended in 2017 by the central government, Guangdong Province permitted the plant for construction in March 2017 and soon after that, the preliminary design and exploration of Phase II project officially started.
Sources and Materials

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[16] 广东河源电厂二期2*1000MW燃煤机组扩建工程环境影响报告书
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[3] Heyuan power station
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[1] Heyuan Dinosaur Museum
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[21] Thousands join demo against Guangdong coal-fired power plant
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[15] 知乎:如何看待河源电厂二期工程?
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[12] Riverside residents oppose power plant expansion in fight for blue sky
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[14] Thousands protest in Heyuan over coal-fired power plant project
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[6] 京华时报-《河源电厂二期遭抵制存三大焦点》
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[10] Chinese Police Blame Internet Rumor Mongers For ‘Illegal’ Power Plant Protest; State Media Sympathetic To Protesters
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[13] 广东河源警方:多人煽动群众游行反对建电厂被处理
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[20] China: Thousands protest against coal-fired power plant in Heyuan
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[22] Hundreds take to the streets in protest over power plant
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[8] Hundreds protest against pollution from south China coal plant
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[11] 10,000 protest in Chinese city over planned coal-fired power plant
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[5] Hopewell
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Media Links

[7] 河源反火電——客家大媽和市長吐槽 Heyuan protest again coal-fired power plant expansion- A conversation between a female peasant and the mayor
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[9] 广东河源万人游行示威 反火电厂 Thousands protested over the CFPP in Heyuan
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Other Documents

Children in the protest 3
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Elderly women in the protest
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The sit-in demonstration
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Opposing to Phase II, stop Phase I
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Holding a newspaper with highlighted titles addressed by President Xi Jinping
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Children in the protest 1
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Little boy facing the police
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Children in the protest 2
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Stroll on the street
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Holding banners with words from Premier Li Keqiang
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Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB
Last update26/04/2018