Last update:
2016-11-11

Hidroeléctrica Santa Rita S.A. in Monte Olivo, Guatemala

Another project is approved under the CDM, despite all the violence and deaths and stiff protests of local inhabitants.


Description:

En el 2008, el Ministerio de Energía y Minas (MEM) concede los permisos a la empresa Hidro Santa Rita S.A de capital guatemalteco y hondureño para la construcción de una hidroeléctrica en el río Dolores en el Municipio de Alta Verapaz.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Hidroeléctrica Santa Rita S.A. in Monte Olivo, Guatemala
Country:Guatemala
State or province:Alta Verapaz
Location of conflict:Monte Olivo, Cobán
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
REDD/CDM
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project activity is based on the use of renewable hydro resources to produce electricity. It comprises a run of river hydroelectric plant with an installed capacity of 24.2 MW1, a nominal capacity of 23.2 MW2

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Project area: 254
Level of Investment:-
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:200 000
Start of the conflict:02/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Energía Limpia de Guatemala (ELG) from Guatemala - owner
Grupo Finco from Guatemala
Hidroeléctrica Santa Rita, S.A. from Guatemala
Grupo Terra from Guatemala
Relevant government actors:Gobierno de Guatemala, La Policía Nacional Civil (PNC) , Alcaldía de Alta Verapaz,
International and Finance InstitutionsLatin Renewables Infrastructure Fund (LRIF)
The World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Corporación financiera Internacional (CFI)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Red Latinoamericana en Defensa de los Ríos y contra Represas (REDLAR), Comité de Unidad Campesina (CUC), organización maya Ut'z Che,
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Threats to use arms
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Desde el 2012 ha habido un aumento sustancial de la violencia. A pesar de que ambientalistas, campesinos e indígenas mantienen su oposición a la construcción de la hidroeléctrica el proyecto sigue en construcción acompañado de desalojos forzosos, amenazas a líderes comunitarios, arrestos y muertes.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Project 9713 : Santa Rita Hydroelectric Plant
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Contentious Santa Rita hydro dam project given UN go ahead
[click to view]

Campaigns: Santa Rita – Large hydro power project, Guatemala
[click to view]

¿Vecinos de Hidro Santa Rita firman acuerdo con la Empresa y el Gobierno?
[click to view]

Adital. Indígenas y campesinos luchan contra implantación de hidroeléctrica
[click to view]

Murdered Kids: Did Hydro Plant Thugs Attempt Assassination of Activist?
[click to view]

Comité de Unidad Campesina, comunicado
[click to view]

[1] Guatemala: A un año del asesinato de David y Ageo, sus muertes continuan impunes - Redes Cristianas
[click to view]

[2] Prensa Comunitaria - Hidroeléctrica y violencia; un nuevo antentado contra la comunidad Monte Olivo
[click to view]

Telesur. (2014) 2 Deaths, 5 Disappeared after Police Violence in Guatemala
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Audio. Radio Mundo Real. Guatemala: dos niños asesinados a quemarropa por sicario de empresa hidroeléctrica Santa Rita SA en Monte Olivo, Alta Verapaz
[click to view]

Audio. Radio Mundo Real. Guatemala: Policía ocupó casas, reprimió y robó bienes a comunidad Monte Olivo, Cobán, en resistencia contra hidroeléctrica
[click to view]

Convenio Hidro Santa Rita. Discurso del Presidente Otto Pérez Molina
[click to view]

Other documents

Pancanta en territorio indígena
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Grettel Navas, Fundación Neotrópica
Last update11/11/2016
Comments
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