Last update:

High Speed Two railway, United Kingdom


High Speed 2 (HS2) is a planned high-speed railway proposed to London Euston from the English Midlands. The project is being developed by High Speed Two Ltd, a company limited by guarantee established by the UK government. The line is to be built in two phases with the section between London and Birmingham being the first phase. The route would take the form of a 'Y', with a trunk between London Euston and Birmingham Curzon Street. The route would then split into two spurs, one continuing to Manchester Piccadilly via Crewe and Manchester Airport and the other to Leeds via East Midlands and Sheffield. I twill consist of 400m-long (1,300ft) trains, with up to 1,100 seats per train. They would operate at speeds of up to 400 km/hr - faster than any current operating speed in Europe and would travel up to 14 times per hour in each direction.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:High Speed Two railway, United Kingdom
Country:United Kingdom
State or province:London, East Midlands, West Midlands
Location of conflict:Several (Railway)
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Tourism services
Transportation Services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Width: 72 m Speed: 400 kph

Project area:225 km route
Level of Investment:26500000000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Company names or state enterprises:High Speed Two Limited from United Kingdom
Relevant government actors:Department of Transport
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Stop HS2. Campaigning organisation with supporters that come from a wide range of backgrounds and from across the political spectrum., HS2 Action Alliance, an umbrella group for opposition groups including ad hoc entities, residents associations, and parish councils.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Development of alternatives:- The New Economics Foundation issued a report containing an alternative package of investments in: mainline rail, regional rail and station redevelopment, in mass transit and buses, in active transport and in future connectivity.
- There is also the 51m Alternative Solution to HS2. Key points are: (I) increasing the length of existing InterCity trains from the current 9 or 11 cars to 12 cars(except Liverpool) and (II) reducing the number of first class vehicles in each train from 4 to 3, by converting one car from first to standard class.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:It is too early to judge. So far, the Government seems determined to proceed with the construction of the high speed railway.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

EU Directive 96/48/EC

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

New Economics Foundation (2013). High Speed 2: The best we can do? Creating value from £33 billion. Creative Commons.
[click to view]

Department for Transport (2013). High Speed 2: A review of early programme preparation.
[click to view]

Wikipedia reference:
[click to view]

Why so Fast? High Speed Train Crash questions our need for speed
[click to view]

The Wildlife Trusts position Statement: TWT Position Statement Oct 2010 FINAL.pdf
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[click to view]

HS2 Project web page:
[click to view]

HS2 Action Alliance:
[click to view]

BBC articles:
[click to view]

BBC articles:
[click to view]

Government information:
[click to view]

HS2 - the hidden cost to Britains wildlife:
[click to view]

Articles in The Guardian:
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

BBC Countryfile report on HS2 threat to Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Alfred Burballa Noria
Last update08/04/2014
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.