HIMA REDD projects in Zanzibar, Tanzania


According to the promoters, this project is specifically aiming at promoting a pro-poor gender-equitable approach to community forest management in Zanzibar, including piloting of carbon financing for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD), which, according to them, provides forest-dependent communities with secure property rights, equitable rewards for providing ecosystem services and other livelihood benefits, and which informs the priorities of Zanzibar in national REDD strategy. Despite being a pilot, this project impacts indigenous peoples negatively, as it limits their use of the land and forests.

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Basic Data
NameHIMA REDD projects in Zanzibar, Tanzania
SitePemba and Ungula Islands
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)REDD/CDM
Specific Commodities
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsFunded by the Government of Norway, this pilot project has a value of almost NOK 40 million (US$ 7.2 million), which was made available for a four-year period that started in 2010
Project Area (in hectares)27650
Level of Investment (in USD)7200000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesCARE from Norway
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Government of Norway
International and Financial InstitutionsCooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE)
Government of Norway from Norway
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Many inhabitants have formal occupations in the area, and most villagers rely on agriculture for subsistence needs and the sale of forest products for cash. In particular, the dependency on the business of woodfuel is very great in this village. Taking them out of the forests or limiting their use will have negative impacts.
Sources and Materials
Meta Information
ContributorBoaventura Monjane
Last update08/04/2014