Ratnagiri along with Sindhudurg and Raigad are ecologically sensitive districts of Kokan. These three districts have been selected for 12 energy projects. Close proximity to the sea makes it a favourite destination for many power-projects based on imported coal. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (HPCL), a state owned company is going to start a refinery project at Tavsal village in Ratnagiri district of Kokan region in Western Maharsahtra. The estimated cost of the oil refinery will be Rs. 40,000-crore. The company requires 4,000 hectares for their refinery having a capacity of nine-million-tonnes. However, the locals feel that the pollution from the projects will destroy marine life and hence disrupt their livelihood. Villagers of Tavsal, Katole and surrounding four villages, where the survey was carried out, believe that the pollution and effluents from the refinery will destroy their business of fishing and mango orchards. .