Historic Fracking Ban Passes in Heart of “Frack Country”, USA

Denton, Texas was one of the first counties in the US to experience fracking. After nearly two decades of fracking throughout the community, citizens are vigorously pursuing a ban on further drilling.


Haliburton began developing the technology of hydraulic fracturing in the suburbs of Texas during the mid-1990's. Denton, Texas was one of the first towns to experience this practice.

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Basic Data
NameHistoric Fracking Ban Passes in Heart of “Frack Country”, USA
CountryUnited States of America
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThere are over 250 fracking wells within the city limits.
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population123,000
Company Names or State EnterprisesHalliburton from United States of America
Texas Oil and Gas Association (TXOGA) from United States of America - Suing the town of Denton
Relevant government actorsDenton County 16th District Court

Texas General Land Office
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFrack Free Denton

Texas Environmental Justice Advocacy Series (TEJAS)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Noise pollution, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
OtherNeurotoxin exposure, blindness, skin disease.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (failure for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
New legislation
a ban that was later overturned
Development of AlternativesThe ban is currently being defended in court. State and national legislatures are receiving petitions to protect the ban.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Whether or not the ban will be overturned will depend on the upcoming court ruling.
Sources and Materials

Frack Free Denton
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Media Links

Denton Councilman Kevin Roden discusses the citizen's movement for the fracking ban.
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Other Documents

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Meta Information
ContributorEleanor Finley, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Last update09/03/2015