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Hydro Power Plant Lukovo Pole, National Park Mavrovo, Macedonia

HPP Lukovo Pole was planned to be constructed in National Park Mavrovo until the World Bank -under the pressure by the environmental CSOs- withdraw its financial support to the project.


The Lukovo Pole Renewable Energy Project (LPREP) on the Korab mountain range in Northwest Macedonia was proposed by JSC ELEM in December 2010. LPREP is part of bigger ELEM Vardar Valle project. LPREP will divert water from the Radika River and its tributaries through three existing Macedonian Hydro Power Plants: “Vrben” (a run-of-river plant upstream of Mavrovo lake), and “Vrutok” and “Raven” (dam-storage plants downstream of the lake). Namely, the water from Korab catchment will be transferred to Lukovo Pole storage and Crn Kamen River via a 20 km long pipe system. The storage will be generated by construction of a 70 m high dam at Lukovo and would have capacity of about 39 million m3. Besides, the LPREP includes construction of new small hydro-power plant Crn Kamen of about 5 MW. Total energy generation from this project is expected to be 160 GWh/year. The LPREP’s main investor JSC ELEM was granted with a World Bank loan. The World Bank explains its involvement in the project due to the importance of increasing Macedonia’s reliance on renewable energy.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Hydro Power Plant Lukovo Pole, National Park Mavrovo, Macedonia
Country:Macedonia, FYR
Location of conflict:Mavrovo, Rostusha and Gostivar
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The water from the Radika River will be guided through a 20 km long covered feeder channel.

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Project area:150
Level of Investment for the conflictive project83,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,000
Start of the conflict:2011
End of the conflict:07/12/2015
Company names or state enterprises:JSC "MACEDONIAN POWERPLANTS" -ELEM (ELEM) from Macedonia, FYR - Investor, granted with the World Bank loan
Poyry from Finland - Contracted to perform environmental and social impact assessments
Relevant government actors:The Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Macedonia
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America - Investor
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Front 21/42:;
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Foreign political parties and citizents
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Proposal and development of alternatives:CSOs demand from the World Bank and the Macedonian government abandoning the idea for this project.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The WB decided not to finance construction of the HPP Lukovo Pole.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Macedonian Law on Nature Protection
[click to view]

Natura 2000
[click to view]

AlJazeera various links
[click to view]

HPP Lukovo Pole
[click to view]

Macedonia: No dams in Mavrovo National Park
[click to view]

[click to view]

Online petition to save NP Mavrovo
[click to view]

Еколошки банер за проектот Луково Поле
[click to view]

Hydro power plants endanger the Balkan lynx in Macedonia
[click to view]

Macedonia names Poyry to assess Lukovo Pole Dam, 5-MW Crn Kamen
[click to view]

World Bank Statement on Proposed Lukovo Pole Hydropower Project
[click to view]

Hydropower Struggle: Dams Threaten Europe's Last Wild Rivers
[click to view]

Protests against interventions in the National Park Mavrovo, in the Republic of Macedonia
[click to view]

Dam construction plans put national park at risk
[click to view]

ELEM Macedonian power plants
[click to view]

Lukovo Pole Water Regulation and Renewable Energy Project
[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

Gradnja akumulacije podijelila Makedonce
[click to view]

Lukovo Pole Water Regulation and Renewable Energy Project- Dropped
[click to view]

Albanian Foreign Minister: No Interstate Agreement with Macedonia on ”Lukovo Pole"
[click to view]

New hope for Balkan Rivers: World Bank drops funding for hydropower project in Mavrovo National Park in Macedonia
[click to view]

Albanci protiv preusmjeravanja rijeke Radike
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Sporni projekat Lukovo Pole
[click to view]

[click to view]

Lukovo Pole ENG
[click to view]

Other comments:The Macedonian government is planning to construct 19 new hydro-power plants on the rivers of Mavrovo National Park, the HPPs Lukovo Pole and Boškov Most are the two biggest.
Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1322
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