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Pollutants from Hubei Shuanghuan Science and Technology massive killing of fish in Fuhe River, Hubei, China

Large amount of dead fish were spotted in sections of the Fuhe River in Sept. 2013 due to excessive ammonia nitrogen mainly from a chemical company that polluted the water.


Founded on December 27, 1993 and headquartered in Yincheng, China, Hubei Shuanghuan Science & Technology Co., Ltd. (Shuanghuan) engages in the research, development, manufacture, and sale of chemical industry products. It offers pure alkaline, burned alkaline, ammonium chloride, mixed fertilizers, fine ammonium, saleratus, carbon black, salt and salt chemical product series, culm powder, cinder, and polyethylene product series. [1]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Pollutants from Hubei Shuanghuan Science and Technology massive killing of fish in Fuhe River, Hubei, China
State or province:Hubei
Location of conflict:Dongxihu, Huangpi sections of Fuhe River, Xiaogang City and Wuhan City
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Chemical industries
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Aquaculture and fisheries
Specific commodities: sodium carbonate, used in making glass, and ammonium chloride for fertilizer
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Large state-owned listed company.

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Project area:167
Level of Investment:68,256,735
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:100,000 - 1,000,000
Start of the conflict:01/09/2013
End of the conflict:05/09/2013
Company names or state enterprises:Hubei Shuanghuan Science & Technology Co. Ltd. (ST Shuanghuan) from China - polluting company
Relevant government actors:- Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China (MEP, prior to 2008 known as the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), is a department of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; as Ministry of Ecology and Environment since 2018,
- Environmental Protection Department of Hubei Province (
- Xiaogan Environmental Protection Bureau (
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:- the Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs (IPE,, a Chinese nongovernmental organization that tracks air and water pollution.
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Other Environmental impactssickening stench, there would be food insecurity for migrant birds especially white stork
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:There is no information about compensations to the local fisherfolks and the follow-up steps to restore the eco-system of Fuhe River.
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[8]超标排污致下游死鱼成群 双环科技停产整改
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[12] Tons of poisoned fish clog river in China's Hubei province
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[1] Hubei Shuanghuan Science & Technology Stock Co. Ltd. 000707 (China: Shenzhen)
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[3] Pollutants From Plant Killed Fish in China
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[5] China finds 100,000kg of poisoned dead fish in river
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[4] 220,000 pounds of poisoned dead fish scooped up in pollution-plagued China
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[2] 长江商报:府河死鱼事件祸首系湖北双环 公告致歉并停产检修1
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[7]武汉府河突现大面积死鱼 因企业违规排污
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[9] Thousands of fish killed by China plant waste
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[11] Rivers of blood: the dead pigs rotting in China's water supply
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[6] China: 100 Tonnes of Poisoned Fish Found Dead in Fuhe River
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[2] 长江商报:府河死鱼事件祸首系湖北双环 公告致歉并停产检修2
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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Pollution Causes Massive Fish Death in Chinese River
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Other documents

Clearing of dead fish from Fu river A resident of Wuhan, China, cleared dead fish from the Fu River on Tuesday. Tests showed extremely high levels of ammonia downstream from a chemical plant. Credit Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
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People try to salvage dead fish floating on the Fuhe River in Wuhan
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Dead fish in the Fuhe River
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Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/Aki Eronen
Last update29/07/2018
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