Pollutants from Hubei Shuanghuan Science and Technology massive killing of fish in Fuhe River, Hubei, China

Large amount of dead fish were spotted in sections of the Fuhe River in Sept. 2013 due to excessive ammonia nitrogen mainly from a chemical company that polluted the water.


Founded on December 27, 1993 and headquartered in Yincheng, China, Hubei Shuanghuan Science & Technology Co., Ltd. (Shuanghuan) engages in the research, development, manufacture, and sale of chemical industry products. It offers pure alkaline, burned alkaline, ammonium chloride, mixed fertilizers, fine ammonium, saleratus, carbon black, salt and salt chemical product series, culm powder, cinder, and polyethylene product series. [1]

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Basic Data
NamePollutants from Hubei Shuanghuan Science and Technology massive killing of fish in Fuhe River, Hubei, China
SiteDongxihu, Huangpi sections of Fuhe River, Xiaogang City and Wuhan City
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Aquaculture and fisheries
Chemical industries
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific Commodities sodium carbonate, used in making glass, and ammonium chloride for fertilizer
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsLarge state-owned listed company.

The company is located in Yingcheng City, Hubei Province, which is known as “Golden Salt Sea”. It covers an area of 1.67 million square meters, with registered capital of 464 million yuan and total assets of 2.712 billion yuan.

The company mainly produces and sells 610,000 tons of soda ash per year, 610,000 tons of ammonium chloride per year, 200,000 tons of heavy alkali, and produces caustic soda, chlorine processing products, industrial ammonium chloride, industrial salt, edible salt, baking soda. , edible alkali, ammonia, thenardite, carbon black, sulfur, is the world's largest joint alkali production enterprise, the products sell well at home and abroad.
Project Area (in hectares)167
Level of Investment (in USD)68,256,735
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population100,000 - 1,000,000
Start Date01/09/2013
End Date05/09/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesHubei Shuanghuan Science & Technology Co. Ltd. (ST Shuanghuan) from China - polluting company
Relevant government actors- Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China (MEP, prior to 2008 known as the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), is a department of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; as Ministry of Ecology and Environment since 2018, http://english.mep.gov.cn/)

- Environmental Protection Department of Hubei Province (http://hbt.hubei.gov.cn/xwzx/)

- Xiaogan Environmental Protection Bureau (http://www.xghbj.gov.cn/)
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters- the Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs (IPE, http://wwwen.ipe.org.cn/), a Chinese nongovernmental organization that tracks air and water pollution.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Othersickening stench, there would be food insecurity for migrant birds especially white stork
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.There is no information about compensations to the local fisherfolks and the follow-up steps to restore the eco-system of Fuhe River.
Sources and Materials

[8]超标排污致下游死鱼成群 双环科技停产整改
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[12] Tons of poisoned fish clog river in China's Hubei province
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[3] Pollutants From Plant Killed Fish in China
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[5] China finds 100,000kg of poisoned dead fish in river
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[4] 220,000 pounds of poisoned dead fish scooped up in pollution-plagued China
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[2] 长江商报:府河死鱼事件祸首系湖北双环 公告致歉并停产检修1
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[7]武汉府河突现大面积死鱼 因企业违规排污
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[9] Thousands of fish killed by China plant waste
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[11] Rivers of blood: the dead pigs rotting in China's water supply
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[6] China: 100 Tonnes of Poisoned Fish Found Dead in Fuhe River
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[1] Hubei Shuanghuan Science & Technology Stock Co. Ltd. 000707 (China: Shenzhen)
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[2] 长江商报:府河死鱼事件祸首系湖北双环 公告致歉并停产检修2
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Media Links

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Pollution Causes Massive Fish Death in Chinese River
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Other Documents

Clearing of dead fish from Fu river A resident of Wuhan, China, cleared dead fish from the Fu River on Tuesday. Tests showed extremely high levels of ammonia downstream from a chemical plant. Credit Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
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People try to salvage dead fish floating on the Fuhe River in Wuhan
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Dead fish in the Fuhe River
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Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/Aki Eronen
Last update29/07/2018