Last update:
2014-09-30

Huichapan, waste incineration in Cemex factory, Hidalgo

Description:

Este es un conflicto causado por la incineración de residuos en una fábrica de cemento. La organización GAIA reportó en 2012 que la comunidad de Huichapán, en el estado de Hidalgo, logró tras 6 meses de movilizaciones pacíficas y acciones legales la clausura de la planta de la empresa Proambiente, filial de Cementos Mexicanos, CEMEX, por parte de la Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (SEMARNAT).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Huichapan, waste incineration in Cemex factory, Hidalgo
Country:Mexico
State or province:Hidalgo
Location of conflict:Huichapan
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Incinerators
Specific commodities:Industrial waste
Domestic municipal waste
Cement
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

12,000 tons daily of urban domestic waste from Mexico City were burnt in the Cemex cement factory in Huachipan.

Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:13,200
Start of the conflict:1995
End of the conflict:2013
Company names or state enterprises:CemexMexico from Mexico
Relevant government actors:SEMARNAT, Presidenta de la Comisión de Salud del Congreso Local, Gobierno del Distrito Federal, Gobierno del Estado de Hidalgo, Gobierno del Municipio de Huichapan
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:CUMA (Ciudadanos Unidos por el Medio Ambiente), GAIA (Global Alliance for Incineration Alternatives), Ciudadanos Unidos por el Medio Ambiente (CUMA), Frente de Comunidades en Contra de la Incineración, Colectivo Revuelta Verde (http://revueltaverde.org)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Soil contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other Health impacts, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsCancer
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The local group CUMA (united citizens for the environment) and the international alliance GAIA got the Mexican authorities to forbid incineration of waste in the CEMEX cement factory in Huichapan in 2012. No indemnities to victims of pollution.
There were reports in 2013 that the incinerator could be reopened and that it would even get CDM credits.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Prolifera cáncer en Huichapan
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Descripción del caso
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Armando Cruz, en La Jornada, mayo 2013, Pese a que fue cerrado en 2012, crece incidencia de cáncer, males pulmonares y de piel, alertan ONG. Incinerador de Cemex provoca afecciones en 30% de habitantes de Huichapan, Hidalgo
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Posible reapertura, con créditos de carbono (CDM)
[click to view]

Report by Revuelta Verde, 2013. Comunidades de los Estados de Puebla, San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo y el Estado de México afectados por la industria cementera para compartir experiencias y reconocer que esta industria forma parte de este modelo extractivo que esta envenenando comunidades enteras en todo el país
[click to view]

Revuelta Verde, 5 mitos de la incineración de residuos en hornos cementeros
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:joan martinez alier
Last update30/09/2014
Comments
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